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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.179°N
  • 141.242°E

  • 1721 m
    5645 ft

  • 285041
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Rishirizan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Rishirizan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Rishirizan.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



5830 BCE

1721 m / 5645 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Rishirizan is a highly dissected andesitic stratovolcano that forms a 20-km-wide island west of the northern tip of Hokkaido. Extensive erosion has produced an extremely rugged topography, with a dramatic sharp-topped, 1719-m-high summit flanked by steep-sided radial ridges. A stratovolcano and flank lava domes were constructed beginning less than 200,000 years ago. Eruptions at the stratovolcano ceased about 37,000 years ago, after which only flank vents were active. Late-stage eruptions took place from scoria cones and maars along a 15-km-long NW-SE trend that extends to the SE coast. Flank eruptions were dominantly basaltic, but also included andesitic and rhyolitic activity. Extensive late-stage lava flows during the late Pleistocene form much of the northern and western coasts and extend offshore. The latest eruptions took place a few thousand years ago.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Ishizuka Y, 1999. Eruptive history of Rishiri volcano, northern Hokkaido, Japan. Bull Volc Soc Japan (Kazan), 44: 23-40 (in Japanese with English abs).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Kuritani T, Yoshida T, Nagahashi Y, 2010. Internal differentiation of Kutsugata lava flow from Rishiri Volcano, Japan: Processes and timescales of segregation structures' formation. J Volc Geotherm Res, 195: 57-68.

Machida H, 1976. Stratigraphy and chronology of late Quaternary marker-tephras in Japan. Tokyo Metropolitan Univ Geog Rpt, 11: 109-132.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
5830 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Rs-Ho tephra

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Risiri | Rishiri

Photo Gallery

Rishiri is a highly dissected andesitic stratovolcano that forms an island west of the northern tip of Hokkaido. The main edifice ceased erupting during the Pleistocene, and extensive erosion has created a rugged dissected summit flanked by radial knife-edged ridges. Scoria cones and maars on the lower flanks have been active during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene.

Photo by Yoshihiro Ishizuka, 1997 (Hokkaido University).
Rishiri volcano is a highly dissected stratovolcano that forms an island off the NW tip of Hokkaido. The composite cone (center) and flank scoria cones (middle ground) are mirrored on the surface of a maar on the lower south flank. The stratovolcano was constructed during the Pleistocene. Scoria cones and maars on the lower flanks erupted 30,000-8,000 years ago.

Photo by Yoshihiro Ishizuka, 1993 (Hokkaido University).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 117586 Basalt

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Rishirizan Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.