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Tomariyama [Golovnin]

Photo of this volcano
  • Japan - administered by Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Caldera
  • 1848 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 43.844°N
  • 145.504°E

  • 535 m
    1755 ft

  • 290010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: November 1988 (SEAN 13:11) Citation IconCite this Report

Fumarolic activity

Fumarolic activity, concentrated at the foot of the lava dome, continued at a constant level. The temperature of the hot lake in the same area had not changed, but varied within the lake from 34 to 84°C. The temperature of the stream that flowed from the lake remained at 30-34°.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tomariyama [Golovnin].

Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

04/1987 (SEAN 12:04) Moderate fumarolic and solfataric activity

11/1988 (SEAN 13:11) Fumarolic activity




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


April 1987 (SEAN 12:04) Citation IconCite this Report

Moderate fumarolic and solfataric activity

During a 6 November aerial survey, moderate fumarolic and solfataric activity was noted at the N foot of the E and W domes and along Goryachee Lake's S shore.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg and B. Piskunov, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.


November 1988 (SEAN 13:11) Citation IconCite this Report

Fumarolic activity

Fumarolic activity, concentrated at the foot of the lava dome, continued at a constant level. The temperature of the hot lake in the same area had not changed, but varied within the lake from 34 to 84°C. The temperature of the stream that flowed from the lake remained at 30-34°.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 3 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1848 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Eastern explosion crater
1290 ± 20 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Kipyascheye lake, KnIV-4 tephra
4550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Tephra layer Kn-IV-12
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Tomariyama [Golovnin].

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Tomariyama [Golovnin].

Photo Gallery

An explosion crater on the floor of Golovnin caldera contains sulfur-encrusted fumarolic areas along the lake shore and beneath the lake, giving rise to its name, Kipyashchoe (Boiling Lake). Golovnin volcano, the southernmost in the Kuril Islands, forms the southern end of Kunashir Island, across the Nemuro Strait from Hokkaido. The gently sloping stratovolcano is truncated by a 4-5 km wide caldera with several lava domes on its floor. The only known historical eruption of Golovnin was an explosion in 1848.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Japan, Soviet Union
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan, USSR
Year: 1989
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Japan, Soviet Union
Title: China, Japan, Soviet Union
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan, USSR, China
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of China, Japan, Soviet Union
Title: Japan, Soviet Union
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan, USSR
Year: 1987
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Japan, Soviet Union
Title: (A) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: NEast
Publisher: Univ of Tokyo Press & Japan Association for Quaternary Research
Country: Japan
Year: 1987
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of (A) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: NEast
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1984
Series: B1754
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of
Title: Historical Japan
Publisher: National Geographic Society
Country: Japan
Year: 1984
Series: National Geographic
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,982,000
Map of Historical Japan
Title: Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Publisher: Geol Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1982
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Series: CIM 1:1 mil
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan
Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan
Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan
Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan
Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan
Title: Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1975
Series: 1:2,000,000
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan
Title: (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1974
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Title: Landform Classification
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Landform Classification
Title: Land Use
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Land Use
Title: Population Distribution
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Population Distribution
Title: River Systems
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of River Systems
Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1966
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan
Title: Rausu
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Rausu
Title: Kunashiri
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Kunashiri
Title: Etorofu-Jima
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1943
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Etorofu-Jima
Title: Nemuro
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1942
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Nemuro
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Tomariyama [Golovnin] in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites