Chirippusan [Chirip]

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  • Japan - administered by Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1860 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.338°N
  • 147.92°E

  • 1587 m
    5205 ft

  • 290090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Chirippusan [Chirip].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Chirippusan [Chirip].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Chirippusan [Chirip].

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Chirippusan (also simply Chirip) volcano is on the Chirip Peninsula, jutting NW-ward into the Sea of Okhotsk from central Iturup Island. It is constructed of twin overlapping Holocene stratovolcanoes, Kitachirippusan on the north and Minamichirippu (also called Bogdan Khmelnitskii) on the south overlie a pre-glacial volcano, rising above a 1100-m-high saddle to 1561 and 1587 m, respectively. Lava flows from both edifices are truncated by a large, 4-km-wide depression on the west side of the peninsula. Basaltic rocks dominate at both volcanoes over basaltic-andesite and andesitic products. Kitachirippusan has a shallow summit crater, partially filled by a small lake, that has fed lava flows down all sides; satellitic cones are located on the northern flank. Lava flows from Minamichirippusan reach the coast on both the east and west sides. Only two 19th-century eruptions are known in historical time, the last occurring in 1860 from a vent SE of the summit of Minamichirippusan.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1860 (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations SE of Bogdan Khmelinitskii summit
1843 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Chiriporupuri | Chiripnapui | Chiripnupuri | Chirippu-dake | Chirip


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Stratovolcano 1587 m 45° 22' 38" N 147° 54' 45" E
    Bogdan Khmelnitskii
Stratovolcano 1587 m 45° 20' 15" N 147° 55' 13" E

Photo Gallery

The Chirip Peninsula, jutting NW-ward into the Sea of Okhotsk from central Iturup Island, is constructed of twin overlapping Holocene stratovolcanoes. Bogdan Khmelnitskii volcano (center) lies at the southern end of the peninsula, and Chirip volcano (in the background left of Bogdan Khmelnitskii) forms the northern end. Lava flows from Bogdan Khmelnitskii (also known as Minami-Chirippu or South Chirippu) reach the coast on both the east and west sides of the peninsula.

Photo by Alexander Rybin, 2001 (Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Yuzhno-Sakhalin).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gorshkov G S, 1958. Kurile Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 7: 1-99.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1996. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (second edition). Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 502 p (in Japanese).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Larin N V, Bindeman I N, Simakin A G, 1997. Petrology of Bogdan Khmelnitskiy volcano (Iturup Island, the Kurils): a model of fractionation and mixing in the magma chamber. Volc Seism, 18: 529-546 (English translation).

Murayama I, 1987. Volcanoes of Japan (I). Tokyo: Daimedo, 315 p (2nd edition, in Japanese).

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Chirippusan [Chirip] Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.