Chirippusan [Chirip]

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Japan - administered by Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1860 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.338°N
  • 147.92°E

  • 1587 m
    5205 ft

  • 290090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Chirippusan [Chirip].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Chirippusan [Chirip].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Chirippusan [Chirip].

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1860 CE

1587 m / 5205 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Chirippusan (also simply Chirip) volcano is on the Chirip Peninsula, jutting NW-ward into the Sea of Okhotsk from central Iturup Island. It is constructed of twin overlapping Holocene stratovolcanoes, Kitachirippusan on the north and Minamichirippu (also called Bogdan Khmelnitskii) on the south overlie a pre-glacial volcano, rising above a 1100-m-high saddle to 1561 and 1587 m, respectively. Lava flows from both edifices are truncated by a large, 4-km-wide depression on the west side of the peninsula. Basaltic rocks dominate at both volcanoes over basaltic-andesite and andesitic products. Kitachirippusan has a shallow summit crater, partially filled by a small lake, that has fed lava flows down all sides; satellitic cones are located on the northern flank. Lava flows from Minamichirippusan reach the coast on both the east and west sides. Only two 19th-century eruptions are known in historical time, the last occurring in 1860 from a vent SE of the summit of Minamichirippusan.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gorshkov G S, 1958. Kurile Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 7: 1-99.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1996. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (second edition). Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 502 p (in Japanese).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Larin N V, Bindeman I N, Simakin A G, 1997. Petrology of Bogdan Khmelnitskiy volcano (Iturup Island, the Kurils): a model of fractionation and mixing in the magma chamber. Volc Seism, 18: 529-546 (English translation).

Murayama I, 1987. Volcanoes of Japan (I). Tokyo: Daimedo, 315 p (2nd edition, in Japanese).

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1860 (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations SE of Bogdan Khmelinitskii summit
1843 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Chiriporupuri | Chiripnapui | Chiripnupuri | Chirippu-dake | Chirip


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Stratovolcano 1587 m 45° 22' 38" N 147° 54' 45" E
    Bogdan Khmelnitskii
Stratovolcano 1587 m 45° 20' 15" N 147° 55' 13" E

Photo Gallery

The Chirip Peninsula, jutting NW-ward into the Sea of Okhotsk from central Iturup Island, is constructed of twin overlapping Holocene stratovolcanoes. Bogdan Khmelnitskii volcano (center) lies at the southern end of the peninsula, and Chirip volcano (in the background left of Bogdan Khmelnitskii) forms the northern end. Lava flows from Bogdan Khmelnitskii (also known as Minami-Chirippu or South Chirippu) reach the coast on both the east and west sides of the peninsula.

Photo by Alexander Rybin, 2001 (Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Yuzhno-Sakhalin).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 6 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 116543-1 Basalt
NMNH 116543-18 Andesite
NMNH 116543-19 Basalt
NMNH 116543-2 Basaltic andesite
NMNH 116543-3 Andesite
NMNH 117640-1 Pumice

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Chirippusan [Chirip] Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.