Rakkibetsudake [Demon]

Photo of this volcano
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  • Japan - administered by Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.5°N
  • 148.85°E

  • 1205 m
    3952 ft

  • 290110
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Rakkibetsudake [Demon].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Rakkibetsudake [Demon].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Rakkibetsudake [Demon].

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
290110

Unknown - Evidence Credible

1205 m / 3952 ft

45.5°N
148.85°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera

Rock Types

Major
No Data (checked)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
69
150
453
4,180

Geological Summary

Rakkibetsudake [Demon] volcano occupies the extreme northern tip of the largest island in the Kuriles, Iturup. The 1205-m-high stratovolcano grew during the Holocene within a glacial trough 3 km east of the eroded Pleistocene Kamui volcano. The summit contains a 1.5-km-wide crater open to the east.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Ono K, Soya T, Mimura K, 1981. Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan Map Ser, no 11, 2nd edition, 1:2,000,000.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Rakkibetsudake [Demon]. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Rakkibetsudake [Demon] page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kamui Cone 1322 m 45° 31' 0" N 148° 48' 0" E

Photo Gallery


Demon volcano, forming the peninsula at the right, is seen from the summit of Sredniy volcano of the Medvezhia volcanic complex. Demon occupies the extreme northern tip of the largest island in the Kuriles, Iturup. The 1205-m-high stratovolcano grew during the Holocene within a glacial trough 3 km east of the eroded Pleistocene Kamui volcano, the higher peak on the left horizon. The summit of Demon contains a 1.5-km-wide crater, not visible in this image, that opens to the east.

Photo by Alexander Rybin, 1995 (Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Yuzhno-Sakhalin).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Rakkibetsudake [Demon] Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.