Rakkibetsudake [Demon]

Photo of this volcano
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  • Japan - administered by Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.5°N
  • 148.85°E

  • 1205 m
    3952 ft

  • 290110
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Rakkibetsudake [Demon].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Rakkibetsudake [Demon].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Rakkibetsudake [Demon].

Rakkibetsudake [Demon] volcano occupies the extreme northern tip of the largest island in the Kuriles, Iturup. The 1205-m-high stratovolcano grew during the Holocene within a glacial trough 3 km east of the eroded Pleistocene Kamui volcano. The summit contains a 1.5-km-wide crater open to the east.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Rakkibetsudake [Demon]. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Rakkibetsudake [Demon] page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kamui Cone 1322 m 45° 31' 0" N 148° 48' 0" E
Demon volcano, forming the peninsula at the right, is seen from the summit of Sredniy volcano of the Medvezhia volcanic complex. Demon occupies the extreme northern tip of the largest island in the Kuriles, Iturup. The 1205-m-high stratovolcano grew during the Holocene within a glacial trough 3 km east of the eroded Pleistocene Kamui volcano, the higher peak on the left horizon. The summit of Demon contains a 1.5-km-wide crater, not visible in this image, that opens to the east.

Photo by Alexander Rybin, 1995 (Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Yuzhno-Sakhalin).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Ono K, Soya T, Mimura K, 1981. Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan Map Ser, no 11, 2nd edition, 1:2,000,000.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Major
No Data (checked)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
69
150
453
4,180

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Rakkibetsudake [Demon] Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.