Prevo Peak

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 47.02°N
  • 152.12°E

  • 1360 m
    4461 ft

  • 290190
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Prevo Peak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Prevo Peak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Prevo Peak.

Symmetrical Prevo Peak, also known as Simushiru-Fuji for its resemblance to Japan's noted volcano, is capped by a 450 x 600 m wide summit crater. A nested inner cone whose rim approaches the height of portions of the outer cone is itself cut by a deep, 350-m-wide crater with a small lake on its floor. Young-looking lava flows reach both coasts of central Simushir Island, and those on the south flank (Pacific Ocean side) have a particularly youthful appearance. Two small pyroclastic cones on the western flank have produced lava flows that reach to or near the Sea of Okhotsk. Only two eruptions are known from Prevo Peak in historical time. The largest of these, during the 1760s, produced pyroclastic flows that destroyed all vegetation at the foot of the volcano. Weak explosive activity occurred during the most recent eruption, which took place during the first half of the 19th century.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1825 ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1765 ± 5 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Itankioi | Prevoste | Simusiru Fudzi | Shinshiru Fuji | Shinsheridake
The dramatic symmetrical cone of Prevo Peak in central Simishir Island is seen in this Space Shuttle image (with north to the lower left). The conical volcano, also known as Simushiru-Fuji for its resemblance to Japan's noted volcano, is capped by a 450 x 600 m wide summit crater. Young-looking lava flows reach both coasts of central Simushir Island. Only two eruptions are known from Prevo Peak in historical time. The flanks of the Pleistocene Ikanmikot volcano appear at the far right.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS005-E-6313, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gorshkov G S, 1958. Kurile Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 7: 1-99.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Green J, Short N M, 1971. Volcanic Landforms and Surface Features: a Photographic Atlas and Glossary. New York: Springer-Verlag, 519 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
6
92
146

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Prevo Peak Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.