Kharimkotan

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.12°N
  • 154.508°E

  • 1145 m
    3756 ft

  • 290300
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Weekly Report: 13 January-19 January 2010 Citation IconCite this Report


SVERT reported that a thermal anomaly from Kharimkotan's Severgin cone was detected by satellite on 15 January.

Source: Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT)

Weekly Reports - Index


2010: January


13 January-19 January 2010 Citation IconCite this Report


SVERT reported that a thermal anomaly from Kharimkotan's Severgin cone was detected by satellite on 15 January.

Source: Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT)


The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kharimkotan.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1933 Jan 8 1933 Apr 14 (in or after) Confirmed 5 Historical Observations Severgin
1931 Sep Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Severgin
1883 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Severgin
1848 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Severgin
1846 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Severgin
1713 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Severgin

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The east side of the 8 x 12 km island of Kharimkotan (also spelled Harimkotan) is cut by a large horseshoe-shaped caldera that was formed when the summit of the volcano collapsed in 1933. The dark-colored lava dome in the center of the photo was emplaced inside the breached depression at the end of the 1933 eruption. This and another horseshoe-shaped crater on the NW side of the island were formed by slope failure, which produced debris-avalanche deposits that form large broad peninsulas on the east and NW coasts.

Photo by Alexander Belousov, 1994 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).
See title for photo information.
The lava dome in the center of the photo was emplaced at the end of a major eruption that began on January 8, 1933 and destroyed the summit of Severgin volcano on Kharimkotan (Harimkotan) volcano, leaving a 1.7-km-wide breached crater open to the east. A debris avalanche resulting from the collapse of the summit reached the sea, extending the shoreline 1 km and producing a tsunami that swept the island and reached Onekotan and Paramushir Islands, causing two fatalities. Additional explosions were reported on Janaury 30 and April 14.

Photo by Alexander Belousov, 1994 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Kharimkotan in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites