Kuntomintar

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  • Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Unrest / Pleistocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 48.75°N
  • 154.02°E

  • 828 m
    2716 ft

  • 290808
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kuntomintar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kuntomintar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kuntomintar.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
290808

Unknown - Unrest / Pleistocene

828 m / 2716 ft

48.75°N
154.02°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Geological Summary

Kuntomintar is a Pleistocene andesitic stratovolcano that occupies the southern end of Shiashkotan Island in the central Kuriles. A central cone fills a 4-4.5 km caldera, whose rim is visible on the NE side. A second caldera on the west side is breached to the west. An Ainu village that reportedly was destroyed by an eruption in 1872 was later found to be located near Sinarka volcano (Gorshkov, 1970). The only known postglacial activity of Kuntomintar is continuous solfataric activity that originates near the east wall of the inner caldera and a nearby hot sulfur spring.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gorshkov G S, 1958. Kurile Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 7: 1-99.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1872 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Kitaio | Kita-Iwo-dake | Minami-Iwo-dake

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Inner caldera wall Fumarole

Photo Gallery


Kuntomintar is a Pleistocene stratovolcano that occupies the southern end of Shiashkotan Island in the central Kurils. A caldera on the west side, prominent in this Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left), is breached widely toward the Sea of Okhotsk. A reported 1872 eruption from Kuntomintar was later found to have originated from Sinarka, the northern of the two volcanoes forming Shiashkotan Island. The only known Holocene activity of Kuntomintar is continuous solfataric activity near the east wall of the inner caldera.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS005-E-6515, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Kuntomintar Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.