Diky Greben

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 51.452°N
  • 156.978°E

  • 1040 m
    3411 ft

  • 300022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Diky Greben.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Diky Greben.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Diky Greben.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



350 CE

1040 m / 3411 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Diky Greben is a late-stage Holocene lava-dome complex that formed in the center of the 20 x 25 km Pauzhetka caldera. This large caldera was associated with eruption of the voluminous rhyolitic Golygin ignimbrite during the late Pleistocene, about 0.443 million years ago. Both Diky Greben and the Kurile Lake caldera, immediately to the east, are Holocene volcanoes constructed within the Pauzhetka caldera. The initial eruptions of Diky Greben took place about 7600-7700 years ago, immediately following the Kurile Lake eruption. Most of the volcano, particularly the thick lava flows north and south of Nepriyatnaya Mountain, was formed during an eruption about 1600 years ago. A total of 9-10 cu km of dacitic and 2-3 cu km of andesitic lavas and tephras were erupted at this time. Two large craters and a few smaller vents were formed after this eruption.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Bindeman I N, 1992. Petrology of Dikiy Greben volcano, southern Kamchatka. Volc Seism, 1992(4): 33-55 (English translation 1993, 14: 386-410).

Bindeman I N, Leonov V L, Izbekov P E, Ponomareva V V, Watts K E, Shipley N K, Perepelov A B, Bazanova L I, Jicha B R, Singer B S, Schmitt A K, Portnyagin M V, Chen C H, 2010. Large-volume silicic volcanism in Kamchatka: Ar-Ar and U- Pb ages, isotopic, and geochemical characteristics of major pre-Holocene caldera-forming eruptions. J Volc Geotherm Res, 189: 57-80.

Braitseva O A, Melekestsev I V, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1995. Ages of calderas, large explosive craters and active volcanoes in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Russia. Bull Volc, 57: 383-402.

Erlich E N, 1986. Geology of the calderas of Kamchatka and Kurile Islands with comparison to calderas of Japan and the Aleutians, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 86-291: 1-300.

Erlich E N, Melekestsev I V, Tarakanovsky A A, Zubin M I, 1972. Quaternary calderas of Kamchatka. Bull Volc, 36: 222-237.

Kozhemyaka N N, 1979. Quaternary pumice, tuff-ignimbrite fields and centers of eruption in southern Kamchatka. Akad Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk Otdeleniye Byull Vulk Stantsii, 57: 26-38 (in Russian).

Masurenkov Y P (ed), 1980. Volcanic Center: Structure, Dynamics and Products. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 299 p (in Russian).

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1990. Ages and dynamics of development of the active volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka region. Internatl Geol Rev, 32: 436-448.

Newhall C G, Dzurisin D, 1988. Historical unrest at large calderas of the world. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1855: 1108 p, 2 vol.

Ogorodov N V, Volynets O N, Koloskov A V, Polytov E Y, 1978. Dikiy Greben'. Akad Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk Otdeleniye Byull Vulk Stantsii, 54: 75-88 (in Russian).

Ponomareva V V, 1992. (pers. comm.).

Ponomareva V V, Kyle P R, Melekestsev I V, Rinkleff P G, Dirksen O V, Sulerzhitsky L D, Zaretskaia N E, Rourke R, 2004. The 7600 (14C) year BP Kurile Lake caldera-forming eruption, Kamchatka, Russia: stratigraphy and field relationships. J Volc Geotherm Res, 136: 199-222.

Ponomareva V V, Melekestsev I V, Dirksen O V, 2006. Sector collapses and large landslides on late Pleistocene-Holocene volcanoes in Kamchatka, Russia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 158: 117-138.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0350 ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
2250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
3050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
5700 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Diky Khrebet | Dikii Greben' | Dikiy Greben | Dikye Greben


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Pauzhetka Pleistocene caldera 51° 26' 0" N 156° 56' 0" E


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Karakuli Dome 1070 m 51° 26' 0" N 157° 0' 0" E
Nepriyatnaya Dome 1070 m 51° 26' 0" N 157° 0' 0" E

Photo Gallery

Diky Greben, seen here from the east along the Ozernaya River, is a Holocene lava-dome complex that formed in the center of the 20 x 25 km Pleistocene Pauzhetka volcano-tectonic depression. The initial eruptions of Diky Greben took place about 6000 years ago. Most of the volcano, particularly the thick lava flows north and south of Nepriyatnaya Mountain (left center horizon), which marks the 1070-m summit of the complex, were formed about 2000-1500 years ago.

Photo by Oleg Dirksen, 1996 (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
The Diky Greben lava-dome complex is reflected in the waters of Kurile Lake caldera. The initial eruptions of Diky Greben took place about 6000 years ago, about 2000 years after formation of the 10-km-wide Kurile Lake caldera. The eastern lava dome, seen here, is breached to the east, and was formed during the early stage of eruptions from Diky Greben. Most of Diky Greben volcano, including the unvegetated thick lava flow visible south (left) of the summit, was constructed about 2000-1500 years ago.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Diky Greben in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Diky Greben Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.