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Kurile Lake

Photo of this volcano
  • Russia
  • Kamchatka and Mainland Asia
  • Caldera
  • 6440 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 51.45°N
  • 157.12°E

  • 81 m
    266 ft

  • 300023
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kurile Lake.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kurile Lake.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kurile Lake.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 2 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
6440 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed 7 Radiocarbon (corrected) Tephra layer KO
7550 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Kurile Lake.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Kurile Lake.

Photo Gallery

This renowned exposure of pyroclastic-flow deposits from Kurile Lake caldera has been named Kuthiny Baty ("vertical standing boat") because of its erosionally fluted texture. The pyroclastic-flow deposit originated from the caldera-forming eruption of Kurile Lake about 8000 years ago, one of the largest Holocene eruptions in Kamchatka. The deposit is about 100-m thick at this location on the Ozernaya River, 3 km west of Kurile Lake.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
The conical Ilyinsky volcano, rising dramatically at sunrise above the NE shore of Kurile Lake, was constructed beginning about 8000 years ago within a 4-km-wide caldera of about the same age as the Kurile Lake caldera. The 1578-m-high stratovolcano is one of several visible from the shores of one of Kamchatka's most scenic lakes. Its latest eruption, in 1901, created a 1-km-wide crater on the NE flank. The 10-km-wide Kurile Lake caldera was the source of one of Kamchatka's largest Holocene explosive eruptions about 8000 years ago.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
The compound 2156-m-high Kambalny (left center) and 1812-m-high Koshelev (far right) stratovolcanoes rise SW above the azure waters of Kurile Lake caldera, one of the scenic highlights of the Kamchatka Peninsula. Kambalny is the southernmost large stratovolcano on Kamchatka and Koshelev is its southernmost historically active volcano. Both volcanoes have produced late-stage, very recent lava flows from flank vents on complex older structures. The small island in Kurile Lake caldera is the "Heart of Alaid," a rhyolitic lava dome.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1980 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Inst. Volcanic Geology & Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
Erosion of unwelded pyroclastic-flow deposits from Kurile Lake caldera formed these prominently ribbed cliffs along the Ukanovich River, 10 km north of the caldera. Voluminous pyroclastic flows accompanying formation of the caldera about 8000 years ago blanketed the countryside during one of the largest Holocene eruptions of the Kamchatka Peninsula.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
The compound stratovolcanoes of Kambalny (left) and Koshelev (right), rise beyond the SW shore of scenic Kurile Lake caldera at the southern tip of Kamchatka. Kurile Lake caldera formed in two stages, the first about 41,500 radiocarbon years ago and the second about 8000 years ago during one of Kamchatka's largest Holocene eruptions. The small island (right center) is the "Heart of Alaid," a rhyolitic lava dome. The conical peak on the distant horizon at right center is Alaid stratovolcano, the northernmost of the Kuril Islands.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Inst. Volcanic Geology & Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
The Diky Greben lava-dome complex is reflected in the waters of Kurile Lake caldera. The initial eruptions of Diky Greben took place about 6000 years ago, about 2000 years after formation of the 10-km-wide Kurile Lake caldera. The eastern lava dome, seen here, is breached to the east, and was formed during the early stage of eruptions from Diky Greben. Most of Diky Greben volcano, including the unvegetated thick lava flow visible south (left) of the summit, was constructed about 2000-1500 years ago.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
llyinsky volcano, seen here across Kurile Lake from the SW at the outlet of the Ozernaya River, is a conical 1578-m-high stratovolcano constructed during the past 8000 years above the NE rim of Kurile Lake caldera. The flat ridge with a steep terminous on the left horizon is the profile of north-flank lava flows that were erupted from Ilyinsky about 1500-2000 years ago.

Photo by Oleg Dirksen, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: USSR (Kamchatka S & Kuriles)
Publisher: DMA
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1988
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of USSR (Kamchatka S & Kuriles)

Title: Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map
Country: USSR
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map

Title: Severo-Kurilsk
Country: USSR
Year: 1965
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Severo-Kurilsk

Title: Shimushu
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Shimushu

Title: Shimushu-To
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Shimushu-To
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 4 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116556-65 Pumice -- --
NMNH 116556-68 Pumice -- --
NMNH 116556-70 Andesite -- --
NMNH 116556-87 Volcanic Ash -- --
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