Khodutka

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.063°N
  • 157.703°E

  • 2090 m
    6855 ft

  • 300053
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Khodutka.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Khodutka.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Khodutka.

Khodutka stratovolcano was formed during the late-Pleistocene to early Holocene SE of an older stratovolcano, Priemysh. At least 10 explosion craters, small lava cones, and lava domes are located along the flanks, and Holocene cinder cones produced by regional basaltic volcanism occur to the west. The Khodutkinsky maar on the WNW flank was created about 2800 years ago during an eruption that deposited tephra across much of southern Kamchatka. Formation of the twin maar was accompanied by small pyroclastic flows and followed by the emplacement of lava flows and domes. The last dated eruption took place from the summit vent of Khodutka about 2000-2500 years ago. The Khodutka Springs geothermal field occupies an explosion crater on the NW flank of Priemysh volcano.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0300 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology
0930 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) WNW flank (Khodutkinsky maar), KHD tephra
1050 BCE (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 4 Tephrochronology NW flank of Priemysh volcano

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Golygina | Khoiokhongen | Khadutka | Chadutka | Chojochongen | Golyginski


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Priemysh
    Priyemysh
Stratovolcano 52° 5' 0" N 157° 41' 0" E


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Khodutkinsky Maar


Thermal
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Khodukta Springs Hot Spring
The late-Pleistocene to Holocene Khodutka stratovolcano, seen here from the NE, was constructed to the SE of Priemysh, an older Pleistocene andesitic stratovolcano. The higher and younger Khodutka volcano is composed of more silicic, andesitic-to-dacitic rocks. Minor flank vents occur on the SW and north sides. The latest eruption produced a lava flow from the 2090-m-high summit crater of Khodutka about 2000-2500 years ago.

Photo by A. Tsvetkov.
Khodutka stratovolcano (left), seen here from the north, was formed from the late-Pleistocene to early Holocene SE of an older stratovolcano, Priemysh, which forms the lower peak at the right. At least 10 explosion craters, small lava cones, and lava domes are located along the flanks of the Khodutka complex. The last dated eruption took place from the summit vent of Khodutka about 2000-2500 years ago. The Khodutka Springs geothermal field occupies an explosion crater on the NW flank of Priemysh volcano.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Braitseva O A, Melekestsev I V, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1995. Ages of calderas, large explosive craters and active volcanoes in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Russia. Bull Volc, 57: 383-402.

Kirsanov T P, Melekestsev I V, 1984. On the origin and age of Khodutka thermal springs. Volc Seism, 1984(5): 49-59 (English translation 1988, 6: 711-725).

Krijanovsky N, 1934. Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 45: 529-549.

Masurenkov Y P (ed), 1980. Volcanic Center: Structure, Dynamics and Products. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 299 p (in Russian).

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Bazanova L I, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitskiy L D, 1996. A particular type of catastrophic explosive eruptions with reference to the Holocene subcaldera eruptions at Khangar, Khodutka Maar, and Baraniy Amfiteatr volcanoes in Kamchatka. Volc Seism, 18: 135-160 (English translation).

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1990. Ages and dynamics of development of the active volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka region. Internatl Geol Rev, 32: 436-448.

Tomkeieff S I, 1949. The volcanoes of Kamchatka. Bull Volc, 8: 87-114.

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite
Rhyolite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
187
3,525

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Khodutka Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.