Khodutka

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.062°N
  • 157.711°E

  • 2039 m
    6688 ft

  • 300053
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Khodutka.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Khodutka.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Khodutka.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
300053

300 BCE

2039 m / 6688 ft

52.062°N
157.711°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite
Rhyolite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
187
3,525

Geological Summary

Khodutka stratovolcano was formed during the late-Pleistocene to early Holocene SE of an older stratovolcano, Priemysh. At least 10 explosion craters, small lava cones, and lava domes are located along the flanks, and Holocene cinder cones produced by regional basaltic volcanism occur to the west. The Khodutkinsky maar on the WNW flank was created about 2800 years ago during an eruption that deposited tephra across much of southern Kamchatka. Formation of the twin maar was accompanied by small pyroclastic flows and followed by the emplacement of lava flows and domes. The last dated eruption took place from the summit vent about 2000-2500 years ago. The Khodutka Springs geothermal field occupies an explosion crater on the NW flank of Priemysh volcano.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Braitseva O A, Melekestsev I V, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1995. Ages of calderas, large explosive craters and active volcanoes in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Russia. Bull Volc, 57: 383-402.

Kirsanov T P, Melekestsev I V, 1984. On the origin and age of Khodutka thermal springs. Volc Seism, 1984(5): 49-59 (English translation 1988, 6: 711-725).

Krijanovsky N, 1934. Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 45: 529-549.

Masurenkov Y P (ed), 1980. Volcanic Center: Structure, Dynamics and Products. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 299 p (in Russian).

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Bazanova L I, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitskiy L D, 1996. A particular type of catastrophic explosive eruptions with reference to the Holocene subcaldera eruptions at Khangar, Khodutka Maar, and Baraniy Amfiteatr volcanoes in Kamchatka. Volc Seism, 18: 135-160 (English translation).

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1990. Ages and dynamics of development of the active volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka region. Internatl Geol Rev, 32: 436-448.

Tomkeieff S I, 1949. The volcanoes of Kamchatka. Bull Volc, 8: 87-114.

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0300 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology
0930 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) WNW flank (Khodutkinsky maar), KHD tephra
1050 BCE (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 4 Tephrochronology NW flank of Priemysh volcano

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Golygina | Khoiokhongen | Khadutka | Chadutka | Chojochongen | Golyginski

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Priemysh
    Priyemysh
Stratovolcano 52° 5' 0" N 157° 41' 0" E

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Khodutkinsky Maar

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Khodukta Springs Hot Spring

Photo Gallery


The late-Pleistocene to Holocene Khodutka stratovolcano, seen here from the NE, was constructed to the SE of Priemysh, an older Pleistocene andesitic stratovolcano. The higher and younger Khodutka volcano is composed of more silicic, andesitic-to-dacitic rocks. Minor flank vents occur on the SW and north sides. The latest eruption produced a lava flow from the 2090-m-high summit crater of Khodutka about 2000-2500 years ago.

Photo by A. Tsvetkov.
Khodutka stratovolcano (left), seen here from the north, was formed from the late-Pleistocene to early Holocene SE of an older stratovolcano, Priemysh, which forms the lower peak at the right. At least 10 explosion craters, small lava cones, and lava domes are located along the flanks of the Khodutka complex. The last dated eruption took place from the summit vent of Khodutka about 2000-2500 years ago. The Khodutka Springs geothermal field occupies an explosion crater on the NW flank of Priemysh volcano.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Khodutka Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.