Kostakan

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 53.83°N
  • 158.05°E

  • 1150 m
    3772 ft

  • 300122
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kostakan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kostakan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kostakan.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
300122

1350 CE

1150 m / 3772 ft

53.83°N
158.05°E

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Maar

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
13
13
1,352
232,577

Geological Summary

A N-S-trending chain of basaltic cinder cones lies south of Bakening volcano, west of the Srednaya Avacha (Middle Avacha) river valley. The Kostakan cone group is part of a broad zone of regional basaltic volcanism affecting areas west of the Eastern volcanic zone of Kamchatka. It extends from the Kostakan Lake area to the south and has been active from the late Pleistocene to Holocene. Several of the cinder cones are breached by lava flows, some of which extend into the Srednaya Avacha valley. The highest-elevation vent, 1150-m-high Zmeya crater, was constructed within a landslide scarp. An unnamed maar is located about 2 km south of Kostakan Lake. Eruptions have occurred during two time periods, between about 11,000 to 7000 years ago and between about 1200 and 600 years ago.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Braitseva O, Ponomareva V, Melekestsev I, Sulerzhitsky L, Pevzner M, 2002-. Holocene Kamchatka volcanoes. http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm.

Dirksen O V, Melekestsev I V, 1999. Chronology, evolution and morphology of Plateau Basalt eruptive centers in Avacha River area, Kamchatka, Russia. Volc Seism, 21: 1-28 (English translation).

Dorendorf F, Churikova T, Koloskov A, Worner G, 2000. Late Pleistocene to Holocene activity at Bakening volcano and surrounding monogenetic centers (Kamchatka): volcanic geology and geochemical evolution. J Volc Geotherm Res, 104: 131-151.

Erlich E N, 1985. (pers. comm.).

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1350 (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology Glavny
1200 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Glavny
1000 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Serpovidny
0800 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Maar S of Lake Kostakan, Krasny cone
6550 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Ochkovy
8050 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Domashnii

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Domashnii Pyroclastic cone 842 m
Glavny Pyroclastic cone 830 m
Krasny Pyroclastic cone 990 m
Ochkovyi Pyroclastic cone 850 m
Serpovidny Pyroclastic cone 830 m

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Zmeya Crater 1150 m

Photo Gallery


A N-S-trending chain of cinder cones lies in the Kostakan valley south of Bakening volcano. The 600-year-old Glavny cinder cone (left center) is surrounded by its lava flow, which dammed a small river to form beautiful Kostakan lake. Two small vegetated early Holocene cones lie along the opposite side of the lake. Other Holocene cones and maars are located behind the tall Pleistocene cone beyond the lake. Fog creeps up the Srednyaya ("Middle") Avacha river valley to the south.

Copyrighted photo by Sergei Konyaev (Holocene Kamchataka volcanoes; http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Kostakan Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.