Kronotsky

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 54.753°N
  • 160.533°E

  • 3482 m
    11421 ft

  • 300200
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kronotsky.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kronotsky.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kronotsky.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History


There is data available for 3 Holocene eruptive periods.


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1923 Feb Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Summit and/or south flank (3150 m)
1922 Nov Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations South flank (3150 m)
0050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

Deformation History


There is no Deformation History data available for Kronotsky.

Emission History


There is no Emissions History data available for Kronotsky.

Photo Gallery


Sharp-peaked, conical Kronotsky volcano rises dramatically to the NE of the broad summit of Krasheninnikov volcano. The slopes of the largely Pleistocene Kronotsky volcano are cut by deep radial valleys. Weak phreatic eruptions took place during the 20th century. Krasheninnikov, in contrast, has had no historical eruptions, but has been active throughout the Holocene. The Northern cone (lower center) is truncated by an 800-m-wide summit crater that contains a lava cone formed during the last eruption, about 400 years ago.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
Conical Kronotsky volcano towers above Lake Kronotsky, Kamchatka's largest lake. The lake formed when a series of voluminous lava flows were erupted at the end of the Pleistocene and the beginning of the Holocene on the south side of Kronotsky volcano, damming the Listvenichnaya River. Cinder cones are found on the north and primarily on the SE and SW flanks of the radially dissected volcano. Weak phreatic eruptions took place during the 20th century.

Photo by Dan Miller, 1990 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Kronotsky stratovolcano rises NE of the Kronotsky River, which cuts across the bottom of the photo. A cinder cone above the river at the right is one of several on the SW flank of Kronotsky. The prominent circular crater at the lower right is a lake-filled maar that formed at the northern end of a rift zone extending 8-km NNE from Krasheninnikov volcano. The maar was erupted along the NE flank of a large Pleistocene caldera inside which Krasheninnikov volcano was constructed.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
Symmetrical Kronotsky stratovolcano, one of Kamchatka's most scenic volcanoes, lies between the Pacific Ocean and Lake Kronotsky, Kamchatka's largest lake. The flanks of the massive volcano, one of the largest in Kamchatka, are dissected by radial valleys up to 200 m deep. Weak phreatic eruptions took place during the 20th century. Kronotsky is seen here from the SW, with the caldera rim of neighboring Krasheninnikov volcano in the foreground.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
Kronotsky volcano, seen here from the SW, towers above a flat-lying, extensively dissected surface composed of eroded pyroclastic-flow deposits. These voluminous deposits were produced by massive Pleistocene explosive eruptions that resulted in formation of the calderas of Uzon and Krasheninnikov volcanoes. The initial caldera-forming eruption at Uzon dates back to the middle Pleistocene. A younger caldera that developed about 39,000 years ago was followed shortly by formation of the Krasheninnikov caldera.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.
The flanks of steep-sided Kronotsky volcano are dissected by radial erosional valleys up to 200-m deep. The summit of the 3528-m-high stratovolcano, seen here from the north, consists of a basaltic-andesite lava extrusion. The conical, sharp-peaked volcano is one of the most distinctive in Kamchatka.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Kronotsky in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites