Zimina

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 55.862°N
  • 160.603°E

  • 3081 m
    10106 ft

  • 300242
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Zimina.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Zimina.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Zimina.

The eroded twin stratovolcanoes of Ostraya and Ovalnaya Zimina form a NW-SE-trending ridge north of the Udina complex at the SE end of the Kliuchevskaya volcano group. The larger 3081-m-high Ovalnaya Zimina, at the NW end of the complex, is capped by a large icecap and contains two summits. The extensively eroded Ostraya Zimina to the SE has a sharp-peaked summit spire. A large debris avalanche from Ovalnaya Zimina traveled more than 10 km. No historical eruptions have occurred from the Zimina volcanoes.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Zimina. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Zimina page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ostraya Zimina Stratovolcano
Ovalnaya Zimina Stratovolcano 3018 m 55° 51' 0" N 160° 37' 0" E
This dramatic photo looks north along the cluster of large stratovolcanoes forming the Kliuchevskaya volcano group. Udina volcano (foreground) and the twin Zimina volcano (middle right) are Holocene centers without historical eruptions. Kamen volcano (top center) and Kliuchevskoi (top right) are Kamchatka's two highest peaks. Ushkovsky volcano (top left) lies at the NW end of the volcano group and has had a single historical eruption. Bezymianny volcano is hidden by clouds below Kamen.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Zimina (left) and Udina (center) volcanoes rise to the south beyond a dark-colored lava flow from an active 1990 lava dome at Bezymianny volcano. The larger of two stratovolcanoes forming Zimina volcano, 3081-m-high Ovalnaya Zimina, is visible in this photo; the extensively eroded Ostraya Zimina is out of view to the SE. Udina volcano also consists of two twin stratovolcanoes; the lower SE cone is hidden behind Ovalnaya Zimina. Zimina and Udina are the only major volcanoes of the Kliuchevskoi volcano group without historical eruptions.

Photo by Dan Miller, 1990 (U.S. Geological Survey).
The eroded twin stratovolcanoes of Ostraya and Ovalnaya Zimina form a NW-SE-trending ridge north of the Udina complex at the SE end of the Kliuchevskaya volcano group. The larger 3081-m-high Ovalnaya Zimina at the NW end of the complex, seen here from Bezymianny volcano to the north, is topped by a large icecap and contains two summits. The extensively eroded Ostraya Zimina, off the photo to the left, has a sharp-peaked summit spire. No historical eruptions have occurred from the Zimina volcanoes.

Photo by Dan Miller, 1990 (U.S. Geological Survey).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Erlich E N, Gorshkov G S (eds), 1979. Quaternary volcanism and tectonics in Kamchatka. Bull Volc, 42:1-4.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Luchitsky I V (ed), 1974. History of the Development of Relief of Siberia and the Far East. Kamchatka, Kurile and Komander Islands. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 439 p (in Russian).

Ponomareva V V, Melekestsev I V, Dirksen O V, 2006. Sector collapses and large landslides on late Pleistocene-Holocene volcanoes in Kamchatka, Russia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 158: 117-138.

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Caldera
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
77
11,184

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Zimina Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.