Khangar

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 54.761°N
  • 157.407°E

  • 1967 m
    6452 ft

  • 300272
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Khangar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Khangar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Khangar.

Khangar volcano, also spelled Hangar, is the southernmost volcano of the N-S-trending Sredinny Range, which stretches across western Kamchaktka. It is the dominant feature within a larger volcano-tectonic depression composed of two parts: a stratovolcano with a 2-km-wide Holocene caldera, and a large lava dome on its eastern flank. The steep-walled caldera, now filled by a lake, was formed during a major explosive eruption about 7000 years ago. An arcuate zone of pre-caldera flank lava domes nearly surrounds the volcano, and post-caldera domes form islands in the caldera lake. Late-stage olivine basalts were erupted along a NE-trending line in the southern part of the depression. The latest dated eruption took place about 500 years ago and marks the youngest known eruption from the Sredinny Range volcanoes.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1500 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
1000 ± 16 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
0350 BCE ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
2700 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
5500 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
5700 BCE ± 16 years Unknown Confirmed 6 Radiocarbon (corrected) KHG tephra
6400 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
7100 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
8250 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
9500 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Hangar | Changar
Khangar volcano, also spelled Hangar, is the southernmost volcano of the N-S-trending Sredinny Range, which stretches across western Kamchatka. Khangar, which is the dominant feature within a larger volcano-tectonic depression, is composed of two parts--a stratovolcano with a dramatic 2.8-km-wide summit crater and a large lava dome on its eastern flank. The crater, now partially filled by a lake, was formed about 7000 years ago during the largest-known Holocene eruption in the Sredinny Range.

Photo by Dan Miller, 1990 (U.S. Geological Survey).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Bazanova L I, Pevzner M M, 2001. Khangar: one more active volcano in Kamchatka. Dokl Akad Nauk, 377a: 307-309.

Braitseva O A, Melekestsev I V, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1995. Ages of calderas, large explosive craters and active volcanoes in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Russia. Bull Volc, 57: 383-402.

Erlich E N, 1986. Geology of the calderas of Kamchatka and Kurile Islands with comparison to calderas of Japan and the Aleutians, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 86-291: 1-300.

Erlich E N, Gorshkov G S (eds), 1979. Quaternary volcanism and tectonics in Kamchatka. Bull Volc, 42:1-4.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Bazanova L I, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitskiy L D, 1996. A particular type of catastrophic explosive eruptions with reference to the Holocene subcaldera eruptions at Khangar, Khodutka Maar, and Baraniy Amfiteatr volcanoes in Kamchatka. Volc Seism, 18: 135-160 (English translation).

Ogorodov N V, Kozhemyaka N N, Vazheevskaya A A, Ogorodov A S, 1972. Volcanoes and the Quaternary Volcanism of the Sredinny Ridge in Kamchatka. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 190 p (in Russian).

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Dacite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Rhyolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
38
11,805

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Khangar Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.