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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 54.761°N
  • 157.407°E

  • 1967 m
    6452 ft

  • 300272
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Khangar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Khangar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Khangar.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1500 CE

1967 m / 6452 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Khangar volcano, also spelled Hangar, is the southernmost volcano of the N-S-trending Sredinny Range, which stretches across western Kamchaktka. It is the dominant feature within a larger volcano-tectonic depression composed of two parts: a stratovolcano with a 2-km-wide Holocene caldera, and a large lava dome on its eastern flank. The steep-walled caldera, now filled by a lake, was formed during a major explosive eruption about 7000 years ago. An arcuate zone of pre-caldera flank lava domes nearly surrounds the volcano, and post-caldera domes form islands in the caldera lake. Late-stage olivine basalts were erupted along a NE-trending line in the southern part of the depression. The latest dated eruption took place about 500 years ago and marks the youngest known eruption from the Sredinny Range volcanoes.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Bazanova L I, Pevzner M M, 2001. Khangar: one more active volcano in Kamchatka. Dokl Akad Nauk, 377a: 307-309.

Braitseva O A, Melekestsev I V, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1995. Ages of calderas, large explosive craters and active volcanoes in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Russia. Bull Volc, 57: 383-402.

Erlich E N, 1986. Geology of the calderas of Kamchatka and Kurile Islands with comparison to calderas of Japan and the Aleutians, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 86-291: 1-300.

Erlich E N, Gorshkov G S (eds), 1979. Quaternary volcanism and tectonics in Kamchatka. Bull Volc, 42:1-4.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Bazanova L I, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitskiy L D, 1996. A particular type of catastrophic explosive eruptions with reference to the Holocene subcaldera eruptions at Khangar, Khodutka Maar, and Baraniy Amfiteatr volcanoes in Kamchatka. Volc Seism, 18: 135-160 (English translation).

Ogorodov N V, Kozhemyaka N N, Vazheevskaya A A, Ogorodov A S, 1972. Volcanoes and the Quaternary Volcanism of the Sredinny Ridge in Kamchatka. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 190 p (in Russian).

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1500 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
1000 ± 16 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
0350 BCE ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
2700 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
5500 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
5700 BCE ± 16 years Unknown Confirmed 6 Radiocarbon (corrected) KHG tephra
6400 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
7100 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
8250 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
9500 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Hangar | Changar

Photo Gallery

Khangar volcano, also spelled Hangar, is the southernmost volcano of the N-S-trending Sredinny Range, which stretches across western Kamchatka. Khangar, which is the dominant feature within a larger volcano-tectonic depression, is composed of two parts--a stratovolcano with a dramatic 2.8-km-wide summit crater and a large lava dome on its eastern flank. The crater, now partially filled by a lake, was formed about 7000 years ago during the largest-known Holocene eruption in the Sredinny Range.

Photo by Dan Miller, 1990 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 2 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 116556-44 Rhyolite
NMNH 116556-51 Volcanic ash

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Khangar Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.