Cherpuk Group

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 55.55°N
  • 157.47°E

  • 1868 m
    6127 ft

  • 300273
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cherpuk Group.

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Severny Cherpuk (South Cherpuk) and Yuzhny Cherpuk (North Cherpuk) are two cinder cones SW of Ichinsky volcano that comprise the largest monogenetic volcanoes of the Sredinny Range. Severny Cherpuk, 21 km SW of Ichinsky, is a double cone that was constructed along the crest of the Sredinny Range and fed massive 1.8 cu km lava flows down both sides of the range to the NW and SE. A narrow tongue of the SE flow diverted an addition 10 km to the south, for a total distance of 22 km. Yuzhny Cherpuk, 11 km SSW of Ichinsky volcano, produced a 1.7 cu km lava flow that traveled 18 km to the south and then SE. The flow descended to 640 m elevation and dammed tributaries of the Ketachan River, producing three lakes. The two cones are sometimes considered to be satellitic cones to Ichinsky, but Pevzner et al. (2000) noted petrological distinctions that suggest an origin independent of Ichinsky. Unpublished radiocarbon ages revise those in Pevzner et al. (2000) and indicate that both cones were formed about 6500 years ago.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
4550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) North and South Cherpuk

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Severny Cherpuk Cone 1868 m 55° 33' 0" N 157° 28' 0" E
Yuzhny Cherpuk Cone 1679 m 55° 36' 0" N 157° 38' 0" E
Yuzhny Cherpuk cinder cone (left-center horizon) and its andesitic lava flow are located 11 km SSW from Ichinsky volcano. The fresh-looking lava flow was erupted about 6500 years ago and traveled 18 km. Severny Cherpuk (South Cherpuk) and Yuzhny Cherpuk (North Cherpuk) are two cinder cones SW of Ichinsky volcano that comprise the largest monogenetic volcanoes of the Sredinny Range. Severny Cherpuk, 21 km SW of Ichinsky, is a double cone that was constructed along the crest of the Sredinny Range.

Copyrighted photo by Adam Kirilenko, 2000 (Holocene Kamchatka Volcanoes, www.kamchatka.ginras.ru).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Fedotov S A, Masurenkov Y P (eds), 1991. Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 2 volumes.

Ogorodov N V, Kozhemyaka N N, Vazheevskaya A A, Ogorodov A S, 1972. Volcanoes and the Quaternary Volcanism of the Sredinny Ridge in Kamchatka. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 190 p (in Russian).

Pevzner M M, Melekestsev I V, Volynets O N, Melkii V A, 2000. South Cherpuk and North Cherpuk - the largest Holocene monogenetic volcanoes on the Sredinnyi Range of Kamchatka. Volc Seism, 21: 667-681 (English translation).

Ponomareva V V, 2001. . (pers. comm.).

Ponomareva V, Melekestsev I, Braitseva O, Churikova T, Pevzner M, Sulerzhitsky L, 2007b. Late Pleistocene-Holocene volcanism on the Kamchatka Peninsula, northwest Pacific region. In: Eichelberger J, Gordeev E, Izbekov P, Kasahara M, Lees J (eds), Volcanism and Subduction: the Kamchatka Region, {Amer Geophys Union, Geophys Monogr}, 172: 165-198.

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
32
3,323

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Cherpuk Group Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.