Dariganga Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.33°N
  • 114°E

  • 1778 m
    5832 ft

  • 303040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Dariganga Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Dariganga Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Dariganga Volcanic Field.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
303040

Unknown - Evidence Credible

1778 m / 5832 ft

45.33°N
114°E

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Foidite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
18,247
18,247
18,247
25,280

Geological Summary

The Dariganga volcanic field, located in SE Mongolia near the China border, consists of more than 200 lava and cinder cones of Pleistocene and Holocene age that were erupted from NE-trending parallel fissures. The cones range in height from 25 to 300 m, and vary from partially eroded to completely preserved. Compositionally the volcanic rocks are more soda-rich than the potassium-rich rocks of northern and central Mongolia and consist of basaltic, trachybasaltic, and foiditic rocks. The southern part of the volcanic field, which may be contiguous with the Dolon Nor volcanic field across the border in China, is rich in ultramafic xenoliths.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Devyatkin Y V, Smelov S B, 1979. Position of basalts in the Cenozoic sedimentary sequence of Mongolia. Internatl Geol Rev, 22: 307-317.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Dariganga Volcanic Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Dariganga Volcanic Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Akhat Cone
Barun-Nerte-Ula Cone
Bayan-Tsagan Cone
Dusy Cone
Dzun-Nerette Cone
Lun-Ula Cone
Shilin-Bogdo Cone

Photo Gallery


This composite NASA Landsat view (with north to the top) shows part of the Dariganga volcanic field. This large volcanic field is located in SE Mongolia near the border with China, which lies at the lower right. The small roughly circular features seen in this image are some of the more than 200 lava and cinder cones of Pleistocene and Holocene age that were erupted from NE-trending parallel fissures.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Dariganga Volcanic Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.