Dariganga Volcanic Field

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.33°N
  • 114°E

  • 1778 m
    5832 ft

  • 303040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Dariganga Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Dariganga Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Dariganga Volcanic Field.

The Dariganga volcanic field, located in SE Mongolia near the China border, consists of more than 200 lava and cinder cones of Pleistocene and Holocene age that were erupted from NE-trending parallel fissures. The cones range in height from 25 to 300 m, and vary from partially eroded to completely preserved. Compositionally the volcanic rocks are more soda-rich than the potassium-rich rocks of northern and central Mongolia and consist of basaltic, trachybasaltic, and foiditic rocks. The southern part of the volcanic field, which may be contiguous with the Dolon Nor volcanic field across the border in China, is rich in ultramafic xenoliths.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Dariganga Volcanic Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Dariganga Volcanic Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Akhat Cone
Barun-Nerte-Ula Cone
Bayan-Tsagan Cone
Dusy Cone
Dzun-Nerette Cone
Lun-Ula Cone
Shilin-Bogdo Cone
This composite NASA Landsat view (with north to the top) shows part of the Dariganga volcanic field. This large volcanic field is located in SE Mongolia near the border with China, which lies at the lower right. The small roughly circular features seen in this image are some of the more than 200 lava and cinder cones of Pleistocene and Holocene age that were erupted from NE-trending parallel fissures.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Devyatkin Y V, Smelov S B, 1979. Position of basalts in the Cenozoic sedimentary sequence of Mongolia. Internatl Geol Rev, 22: 307-317.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Foidite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
18,247
18,247
18,247
25,280

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Dariganga Volcanic Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.