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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 48.72°N
  • 126.12°E

  • 597 m
    1958 ft

  • 305030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Wudalianchi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Wudalianchi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Wudalianchi.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1776 CE

597 m / 1958 ft


Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Wudalianchi volcanic field, named for a string of five scenic lava-dammed lakes, consists of 14 cinder cones capping a 500 sq km shield-like lava plateau in NE China. The volcanic field, whose name means "Five Connected Pools" was formed during five eruptive cycles from the early Pleistocene to historical time. Its ancient name was "Nine Hills," which after the historical eruptions now number 14 hills. The cinder cones were erupted through basement sedimentary and granitic rocks and show a preferred alignment along three chains at the intersection of NE- and NW-trending lineaments. In addition to the historical cinder cones of Laoheishan and Huoshaoshan, Xilongmenshan and Donglongmenshan are Holocene in age. The freshly preserved cones of Laoheishan and Huoshaoshan were formed during eruptions in 1720-21. Fissures at the base of the two new cinder cones fed glassy pahoehoe and aa lava flows that covered 65 sq km and formed the five lakes of Wudalianchi at their eastern and northern margins. Renewed eruptions took place in 1776.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Chen H, Ren J, Wu X, 1999. Volcanic eruptive processes and characteristics of the current volcanoes in the Wudalianchi volcano clusters known from Manchurian-language historical archives discovered at present (in Chinese with English abs). Geol Rev, 45(Suppl): 409-413.

Feng M, 1982. The eruptions of Wudalianchi volcanoes of China. Volcano News, 10: 4-5.

Feng M, Keyi G, Wang F, 1979. Wudalianchi Volcanoes in China. Shanghai: Shanghai Sci Tech Publishers, 85 p.

Feng M, Whitford-Stark J L, 1986. The 1719-1721 eruptions of potassium-rich lavas at Wudalianchi, China. J Volc Geotherm Res, 30: 130-148.

Liu J, Taniguchi H, 2001. Active volcanoes in China. Tohoku Asian Studies, 6: 173-189.

Ogura T, 1969. Volcanoes in Manchuria. In: Ogura T (ed) {Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East}, Tokyo: Univ Tokyo Press, 2: 373-413.

Vlodavetz V I, Piip B I, 1959. Kamchatka and Continental Areas of Asia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 8: 1-110.

Wei H, Sparks R S J, Liu R, Fan Q, Wang Y, Hong H, Zhang H, Chen H, Jiang C, Dong J, Zheng Y, Pan Y, 2003. Three active volcanoes in China and their hazards. J Asian Earth Sci, 21: 515-526.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. (pers. comm.).

Zhang M, 1989. (pers. comm.).

Zhang M, Suddaby P, Thompson R N, Thirwall M F, Menzies M A, 1995. Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle sources and magma genesis. J Petr, 36: 1275-1303.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1776 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Laoheishan
1720 Jan 14 1721 Jun Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Laoheishan and Huoshaoshan

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Uyun-Kholdongi | Uyunhordongi | Uiun-Kholdongi | Wu-ta-Lien-Ch'ih | Nadug-Kholdonger | Kokhera | Ujun-Holdongi | Bo-shan


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Beigelaqiushan Cone 538 m
Cone 505 m
Cone 514 m
Cone 577 m
Cone 390 m 48° 43' 30" N 126° 21' 0" E
Cone 516 m 48° 41' 0" N 126° 20' 0" E
Molabushan Cone 523 m
Cone 597 m
Nomoer Cone 48° 36' 0" N 126° 15' 0" E
Weishan Cone 517 m
Wohushan Cone 496 m
Cone 454 m
Cone 480 m
Xilongmenshan Cone 581 m
Cone 356 m

Photo Gallery

The Pleistocene Nangelaquishan cinder cone, capped by a 500-m-wide flat-bottomed crater, is one of 14 cones forming the Wudalianchi volcanic field in Manchuria, NE China. The cinder cones, four of which are Holocene in age, show a preferred alignment along three parallel NE-SW trends. The Wudalianchi volcanic field was named for five scenic lakes dammed by lava flows during a 1719-21 eruption, which formed two new cinder cones and produced a 65 sq km lava field.

Photo courtesy of Jim Whitford-Stark, Sul Ross State University, Texas (published in Feng et al., 1979).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Wudalianchi in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Wudalianchi Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.