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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 44.08°N
  • 128.83°E

  • 1000 m
    3280 ft

  • 305040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Jingbo.

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Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



520 BCE

1000 m / 3280 ft


Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Phono-tephrite / Tephri-phonolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Jingbo volcanic field, also known as Ching-pe, Chingpohu, or Jingbohu, is a Pliocene-to-Holocene volcanic field in the Jingbo (or Jingpo) Lake area in Heilongjiang Province. The scenic Jingbohu ("Mirror Lake"), a major tourist attraction in NE China, was formed when lava flows blocked the Mudan River (Mudanjiang). The NE-striking Dunhua-Mishan fault controls the location of many vents. One alkali basaltic lava flow traveled 100 km down a canyon NW of the lake. Many Holocene trachybasaltic or basantic cones and lava flows lie atop plateaus along the Mudan River, which also contain basanitic and tephriphonolitic rocks. Mantle xenoliths are common in Jingbo volcanic rocks. A period of major activity about 5500-5200 years ago produced extensive lava flows that covered an area of about 500 sq km.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Fan Q, Sun Q, Li N, Wang T, 2006. Holocene volcanic rocks in Jingbo Lake region--diversity of magmatism. Progress Nat Sci, 16: 65-71.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Liu J, 1986. (pers. comm.).

Liu J, Taniguchi H, 2001. Active volcanoes in China. Tohoku Asian Studies, 6: 173-189.

Shen Y, Wang X, 1983. Volcanic rocks in Jingbo Lake and its tectonic setting. IUGG, 18th General Assembly, Hamburg, 2: 573.

Wei H, Sparks R S J, Liu R, Fan Q, Wang Y, Hong H, Zhang H, Chen H, Jiang C, Dong J, Zheng Y, Pan Y, 2003. Three active volcanoes in China and their hazards. J Asian Earth Sci, 21: 515-526.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. (pers. comm.).

Zhang Z, Li Z, 1999. Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic compositions of Quaternary basalts in the Jingpo Lake area and characteristics of the mantle source. Geog Rev, 45 (Suppl): 349-357 (in Chinese with English abs).

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0520 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1540 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
3550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Ching-pe | Jing-bei | Chingpohu | Jingpohu | Jingbohu


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Crater Forest Pyroclastic cone
Daganpao Pyroclastic cone
Hamatang Pyroclastic cone
Mihunzheng Pyroclastic cone
Wudaogou Pyroclastic cone