Koniuji

Photo of this volcano
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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1150 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.22°N
  • 175.13°W

  • 273 m
    895 ft

  • 311140
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Koniuji.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Koniuji.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Koniuji.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
311140

1150 BCE

273 m / 895 ft

52.22°N
175.13°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
173

Geological Summary

The very small, 1 x 1.5 km wide Koniuji Island, located between Atka and Kasatochi volcanoes, is the emergent top of a mostly submarine volcano. The summit of the mostly submerged volcano reaches only 273 m above sea level. The volcano, which lies about 20 km north of the western side of Atka Island, is deeply dissected, with a steep, arcuate cliff on the west. New argon-argon dating indicates that the island emerged above sea level aout 15,000 years ago, and that several lava flows and domes were erupted during the Holocene. The summit lava dome is younger than about 3000 years. Reports of historical eruptive activity may be erroneous and are considered to refer to eruptions of the relatively undissected Kasatochi volcano to the west.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Coats R R, 1950. Volcanic activity in the Aleutian Arc. U S Geol Surv Bull, 974-B: 35-47.

Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Jicha B R, 2009. Holocene volcanic activity at Koniuji Island, Aleutians. J Volc Geotherm Res, 185: 214-222.

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1150 BCE ± 1900 years Unknown Confirmed   Ar/Ar
2650 BCE ± 2000 years Unknown Confirmed   Ar/Ar
3850 BCE ± 3100 years Unknown Confirmed   Ar/Ar

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Koniushi

Photo Gallery


A steep, arcuate cliff drops nearly 300 m to the coast on the western side of Koniuji Island. This very small, 1 x 1.5 km wide island, located between Atka Island and Kasatochi volcano, is the emergent top of a mostly submarine volcano. A NE-trending fault cuts the SE side of the island (right). Despite its apparently dissected condition, Holocene lava flows and domes have been dated. Reports of eruptive activity may be erroneous and are considered to refer to eruptions of the relatively undissected Kasatochi volcano to the west.

Photo by E. Bailey, 1982 (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Koniuji Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.