Carlisle

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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1828 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.894°N
  • 170.054°W

  • 1620 m
    5314 ft

  • 311230
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: November 1987 (SEAN 12:11) Cite this Report


Ash emission observed but site uncertain

At 1359 on 16 November, pilots Dave Holman and Jay Brown (U.S. Coast Guard) noted steam with some ash being emitted from the summit vent of a volcano that they believed to be Carlisle. The plume rose to 2,500 m altitude . . . and trailed 30 km ENE. Of the five islands in the immediate area, the pilots were able to see the three closest to the Bering Sea (Kagamil, Uliaga, and Carlisle), but could not see the islands closer to the Pacific Ocean (Herbert or Chuginadak). Although their report strongly suggested that Carlisle was the source of the activity, the possibility that it was from Mt. Cleveland (10 km SE on Chuginadak Island), site of recent ash emission (SEAN 12:6-8), could not be eliminated. Steam (but no ash) was emerging from Carlisle's summit when it was observed on 28 August.

Information Contacts: J. Reeder, ADGGS.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Carlisle.

Bulletin Reports - Index


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

11/1987 (SEAN 12:11) Ash emission observed but site uncertain




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


November 1987 (SEAN 12:11) Cite this Report


Ash emission observed but site uncertain

At 1359 on 16 November, pilots Dave Holman and Jay Brown (U.S. Coast Guard) noted steam with some ash being emitted from the summit vent of a volcano that they believed to be Carlisle. The plume rose to 2,500 m altitude . . . and trailed 30 km ENE. Of the five islands in the immediate area, the pilots were able to see the three closest to the Bering Sea (Kagamil, Uliaga, and Carlisle), but could not see the islands closer to the Pacific Ocean (Herbert or Chuginadak). Although their report strongly suggested that Carlisle was the source of the activity, the possibility that it was from Mt. Cleveland (10 km SE on Chuginadak Island), site of recent ash emission (SEAN 12:6-8), could not be eliminated. Steam (but no ash) was emerging from Carlisle's summit when it was observed on 28 August.

Information Contacts: J. Reeder, ADGGS.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
311230

1828 CE

1620 m / 5314 ft

52.894°N
170.054°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
30

Geological Summary

Carlisle Island is a steep-sided, conical stratovolcano that rises to 1620 m across the Carlisle Pass strait from Mount Cleveland. Radar images suggest that this uninhabited, 7-km-wide island may contain two closely spaced volcanic cones (Myers, in Wood and Kienle 1990). Like nearby Herbert volcano, no geologic studies have been conducted on the volcano. Eruptions from Carlisle have been reported since the 18th century, but are very poorly documented. A variety of names was attached to Carlisle on early hydrographic maps, and Miller et al. (1998) noted that some 18th and 19th century eruptions reported at the closely spaced volcanoes of the "Islands of the Four Mountains" area could refer to Carlisle as well as Cleveland, Uliaga, or Kagamil volcanoes.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Coats R R, 1950. Volcanic activity in the Aleutian Arc. U S Geol Surv Bull, 974-B: 35-47.

Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Miller T P, McGimsey R G, Richter D H, Riehle J R, Nye C J, Yount M E, Dumoulin J A, 1998. Catalogue of the historically active volcanoes of Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 98-582: 1-104.

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1987 Nov 16 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1838 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1828 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1774 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Kigalgin | Uliaga | Tanak-Angunak

Photo Gallery


Carlisle volcano is a steep-sided, 1620-m-high stratovolcano that rises across the Carlisle Pass strait from Mount Cleveland. Several poorly documented eruptions have been recorded since the 18th century. Carlisle is one of group of volcanoes in the "Islands of Four Mountains" area of the central Aleutians.

Photo by Michelle Harbin, 1994 (courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Volcano Observatory).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Carlisle Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.