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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1878 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 53.13°N
  • 168.693°W

  • 2149 m
    7049 ft

  • 311270
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Vsevidof.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Vsevidof.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Vsevidof.

Volcano Types

Fissure vent(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The symmetrical Vsevidof stratovolcano, near the SW end of Umnak Island, is one of the most prominent volcanoes in the Aleutians. Vsevidof contains a 1.2-km-wide, ice-filled summit crater that is breached by glaciers on the east and north sides. An E-W-trending zone of scoria cones that extends from 1220 m down much of the western flank has been the source of historical eruptions. The bulk of the 2149-m-high cone of Vsevidof was constructed during the Holocene. Young andesitic and dacitic lava flows were extruded from vents on the north and south flanks and on the west-flank rift. The largest lava flow traveled down the west flank to the coast, forming Cape Kigushimkada.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1957 Mar 11 ] [ 1957 Mar 12 ] Uncertain 2   West flank fissure
[ 1880 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1878 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations West flank fissure ?
1830 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations SW end of Umnak Island
1817 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
[ 1790 May 30 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1784 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Vsevidof.

Photo Gallery

The effects of erosion are visible in this view from the SW of two prominent stratovolcanoes on SW Umnak Island in the Aleutians. Mount Vsevidof (left) is a symmetrical, constructional volcano where frequent eruptions, which have continued into historical time, have overcome the effects of erosion. Recheschnoi volcano (right), in contrast, has been inactive for longer periods of time and has been extensively dissected by glaciers. Only small pyroclastic cones and lava domes have erupted during the past 10,000 years.

Photo by Chris Nye, 1985 (Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys).
Mount Vsevidof is a symmetrical, 2149-m stratovolcano on SW Umnak Island. The historically active volcano, seen here from the south, contains an E-W zone of scoria cones on the west flank that fed many lava flows, including a large one that reached the west coast of the island and formed Cape Kigushimkada. A 1.2-km-wide summit crater is breached by glaciers on the north and east sides.

Photo by Chris Nye (Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Byers F M, 1959. Geology of Umnak and Bogoslof Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1028-L: 267-365.

Byers F M, 1961. Petrology of three volcanic suites, Umnak and Bogoslof Islands, Aleutian Island, Alaska. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 72: 93-128.

Coats R R, 1950. Volcanic activity in the Aleutian Arc. U S Geol Surv Bull, 974-B: 35-47.

Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Miller T P, McGimsey R G, Richter D H, Riehle J R, Nye C J, Yount M E, Dumoulin J A, 1998. Catalogue of the historically active volcanoes of Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 98-582: 1-104.

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Myers J D, 1994. The Geology, Geochemistry and Petrology of the recent Magmatic Phase of the Central and Western Aleutian Arc. Unpublished manuscript, unpaginated.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Vsevidof Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.