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Amak, the easternmost of the Aleutian Islands, is a small island stratovolcano that like Bogoslof, lies north of the main Aleutian volcanic front. Amak is located about 50 km NW of Frosty volcano on the western tip of the Alaska Peninsula. The summit of the small, roughly 1 cu km Amak volcano is only 488 m above sea level. Blocky lava flows with prominent levees were emplaced during historical eruptions from 1700-1710 and in 1796 (Marsh, in Wood and Kienle 1990). The flows radiate from a well-defined central crater and cover much of the central part of the island. Earlier volcanism perhaps 4000-5000 years ago consisted of the emission of thin, platy andesitic lava flows. A flat alluvial plain on the south flank contains a flat-bottomed crater that may be a maar.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|2550 BCE ± 500 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|The blocky slopes of Amak volcano rise above grassy wavecut terraces along the eastern coast of the island. Amak, the easternmost of the Aleutian Islands, is a small island stratovolcano that lies north of the tip of the Alaskan Peninsula. Like Bogoslof volcano, it lies north of the main Aleutian volcanic front. The summit of the small volcano is only 488 m above sea level. Blocky lava flows with prominent levees were emplaced in historical eruptions during 1700-1710 and in 1796.
Photo by Dave Roseneau, 2001 (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Coats R R, 1950. Volcanic activity in the Aleutian Arc. U S Geol Surv Bull, 974-B: 35-47.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Marsh B D, Leitz R E, 1979. Geology of Amak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. J Geol, 87: 715-723.
Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.
Myers J D, 1994. The Geology, Geochemistry and Petrology of the recent Magmatic Phase of the Central and Western Aleutian Arc. Unpublished manuscript, unpaginated.
Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.
Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.