Kukak

Photo of this volcano
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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Unrest / Holocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 58.453°N
  • 154.355°W

  • 2043 m
    6701 ft

  • 312230
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kukak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kukak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kukak.

The almost completely ice-covered Kukak volcano lies west of Hallo Bay near the NE end of a glacier-mantled range extending from Mount Katmai. Kukak volcano contains a vigorous fumarole field at the southern base of the hydrothermally altered northern summit and is the only one of the Denison-Steller-Kukak chain of volcanoes to display geothermal activity. Two reports of historical eruptions at Kukak from Hantke (1959) appear to be erroneous. The report of a 1951 eruption is an apparent reference to a July 22, 1951 ashfall at Kukak Bay, which was attributed by Muller et al. (1954) to Martin volcano. A 1953 explosive "eruption" was single large puff of steam followed by steaming from caverns in Hook Glacier (Muller et al., 1954).

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Kukak. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Kukak page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Kugak | Kutlyukhat | Kugat
The almost completely ice-covered Kukak volcano lies near the NE end of a chain of volcanoes extending from Mount Katmai. Kukak, seen here from the NW with Shelikof Strait in the background, contains a vigorous fumarole field on its northern summit. Reports of historical eruptions from Kukak appear to be erroneous.

Photo by Christina Neal, 1990 (U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Volcano Observatory).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Hantke G, 1959. Ubersicht uber die Vulkanische Tatigkeit 1954-1956. Bull Volc, 20: 3-36.

Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.

Hildreth W, Lanphere M A, Fierstein J, 2003b. Geochronology and eruptive history of the Katmai volcanic cluster, Alaska Peninsula. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 214: 93-114.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Muller E H, Juhle W, Coulter H W, 1954. Current volcanic activity in Katmai National Monument, Alaska. Science, 119: 319-321.

Powers H A, 1958. Alaska Peninsula-Aleutian Islands. In: Williams H (ed) {Landscapes of Alaska}, Los Angeles: Univ Calif Press, p 62-75.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
125

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Kukak Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.