Buzzard Creek

Photo of this volcano
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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Tuff ring(s)
  • 1050 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 64.07°N
  • 148.42°W

  • 830 m
    2722 ft

  • 315001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Buzzard Creek.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Buzzard Creek.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Buzzard Creek.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1050 BCE

830 m / 2722 ft


Volcano Types

Tuff ring(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Two Holocene tuff rings form craters 300 and 66 m wide near the headwaters of Buzzard Creek at the northern foot of the central Alaska Range NE of the town of Healy along the Parks Highway. The total volume of ejecta, most of which is accessory material, probably does not exceed 0.001 cu km. The ejecta overlies young glacial terraces that correlate with a glacial stage that ended about 10,000 years ago, and radiocarbon dates give an age for the eruption that formed the tuff rings of about 3000 years. This minor volcanic feature lies along trend with the Aleutian arc, but is located 320 km NE of its nearest Holocene neighbor, Hayes volcano and lies directly over the northernmost corner of the subducting Pacific Plate.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Buzzard Creek.

Photo Gallery

A small lake partially fills a 300-m-wide tuff ring, the larger of two craters at Buzzard Creek. The two craters were formed by phreatomagmatic eruptions about 3000 years ago that ejected country rock along with lesser basaltic material. An ejecta blanket has been traced about 1.6 m from the vent. The Buzzard Creek craters lie 320 km NE of their nearest neighbor in the Aleutian arc, Hayes volcano.

Photo by Chris Nye (Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, Alaska Volcano Observatory).
Moderate explosive eruptions radiocarbon dated at about 3000 years ago formed two tuff rings in the central Alaska Range. A 300-m-wide ejecta blanket can be traced 1.6 km from the larger vent, seen in this photo. Ejecta on the crater rim consists of about 80% country rock fragments, with only 20% juvenile basaltic fragments. A geologist in a red jacket (right) and a helicopter (beyond the trees on the left side of the lake), both on the crater rim, provide scale.

Photo by Chris Nye (Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, Alaska Volcano Observatory).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Buzzard Creek in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Buzzard Creek Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.