Fort Selkirk

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 62.93°N
  • 137.38°W

  • 1239 m
    4064 ft

  • 320010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Fort Selkirk.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Fort Selkirk.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Fort Selkirk.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Uncertain

1239 m / 4064 ft


Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Fort Selkirk volcanic field near the junction of the Yukon and Pelly rivers in central Yukon is the northernmost Holocene volcanic field in Canada. It consists of a sequence of valley filling alkaline olivine basalt and basanitic lava flows succeeded by construction of three nephelinitic pyroclastic cones and lava flow aprons. The Ne Ch'e Ddhawa pyroclastic cone (Wootten's Cone) is composed primarily of hyaloclastite tuffs, breccias, and pillow breccias erupted subglacially during the late Pleistocene (Jackson, 1989). The youngest cone, Volcano Mountain, produced young nephelinitic lava flows that remain unvegetated and appear to be only a few hundred years old. However, dating of sediments in a lake impounded by the lava flows indicated that the youngest flows could not be younger than mid-Holocene and could be early Holocene or older (Jackson and Stevens, 1992).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Bostock H S, 1936. Carmacks District, Yukon. Geol Surv Can Mem, 189: 1-67.

Edwards B R, Russell J K, 2000. Distribution, nature, and origin of Neogene-Quaternary magmatism in the northern Cordilleran volcanic province, Canada. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 112: 1280-1295.

Francis D, Ludden J, 1990. The mantle source for olivine nephelinite, basanite, and alkaline olivine basalt at Fort Selkirk, Yukon, Canada. J Petr, 31: 371-400.

Hickson C J, Edwards B R, 2001. Volcanoes and Volcanic Hazards in Canada. In; Brooks G R (ed) {A Synthesis of Geological Hazards in Canada}, Geol Surv Can Bull, 548: 1-248.

Hickson C J, Soos A, Wright R, 1994. Catalogue of Canadian volcanoes. Geol Surv Canada Open-File Rpt.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Jackson L E, 1989. Pleistocene subglacial volcanism near Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory. Geol Surv Can Pap, 89-1E: 251-256.

Jackson L E, Stevens W, 1992. A recent eruptive history of Volcano Mountain, Yukon Territory. Geol Surv Can Pap, 92-1A: 33-39.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Fort Selkirk. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Fort Selkirk page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ne Ch'e Ddhawa
    Wootten's Cone
Cone 712 m 62° 45' 0" N 137° 16' 0" W
Volcano Mountain
Cone 1239 m 62° 51' 0" N 137° 23' 0" W

Photo Gallery

Volcano Mountain, shown above, is a pyroclastic cone of the Fort Selkirk volcanic field in the central Yukon Territory and is Canada's northernmost Holocene volcano. Volcano Mountain comprises a cinder cone and a series of lava flows that traveled to the NE and SW. The Fort Selkirk volcanic field is located near the junction of the Yukon and Pelly rivers in central Yukon.

Photo by Lionel Jackson (Geological Survey of Canada).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Fort Selkirk in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Fort Selkirk Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.