Escanaba Segment

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 40.98°N
  • 127.5°W

  • -1700 m
    -5576 ft

  • 331040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Escanaba Segment.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Escanaba Segment.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Escanaba Segment.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



2260 BCE

-1700 m / -5576 ft


Volcano Types

Fissure vent(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The linear, N-S-trending Escanaba Segment, the southernmost of the Gorda Ridge, lies immediately north of the Mendocino Francture Zone off the coast of northern California. The axial crest of the 130-km-long segment, also known as the Escanaba Trough, is about 3-5 km wide at the northern end and increases to 18 km to the south near the junction with the Mendocino FZ. The rift valley floor of the slow-spreading segment lies at about 3200 m depth, bounded by faulted walls about 1500 m high with unusual gold-bearing massive sulfide deposits in sediment hills at the base of the scarps uplifted by volcanic sills or lacoliths. Thick sediment deposits from the continental margin enter the axial trough from the fracture zone and thin to the north. A preliminary uranium-series date of Holocene age was obtained from a basaltic lava flow in the axial valley in the less-sedimented northern part.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Davis A S, Clague D A, White W M, 1998. Geochemistry of basalt from Escanaba Trough: evidence for sediment contamination. J Petr, 39: 841-858.

Goldstein S J, Murrell M T, Janecky D R, Delaney J R, Clague D A, 1992. Geochronology and petrogenesis of MORB from the Juan de Fuca and Gorda ridges by 238U-230Th disequilibrium. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 109: 255-272.

Tormanen T O, Koski R A, 2005. Gold enrichment and the Bi-Au association in the pyrrhotite-rich massive sulfide deposits, Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge. Econ Geol, 100: 1135-1150.

Volpe A M, Goldstein S J, 1993. 236Ra-230Th disequilibrium in axial and off-axis mid-oecan ridge basalts. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 57: 1233-1241.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
2260 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Uranium-series 40 deg 59 min North

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Escanaba Segment.

Photo Gallery

A NOAA/PMEL map shows the setting of the Escanaba Segment at the southern end of the Gorda Ridge west of the coast of northern California. The linear, N-S-trending segment is the southernmost of the five segments of the Gorda Ridge and lies immediately north of the Mendocino Francture Zone. The axial crest of the 130-km-long segment, also known as the Escanaba Trough, is about 3-5 km wide at the northern end and widens to 18 km to the south near the junction with the Mendocino Fracture Zone.

Courtesy of NOAA NeMo Observatory.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Escanaba Segment in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Escanaba Segment Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.