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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Southern EPR-Segment I.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Southern EPR-Segment I.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Southern EPR-Segment I.
The narrow axial crest of Segment I of the Southern East Pacific Rise in some places is less than 50 m wide. An axial dome is located along the southern part of the segment. The largest lava flow field in this segment is the Animal Farm flow, named after a thriving low-temperature hydrothermal site discovered during a submersible expedition in 1993. The Animal Farm lava flow was dated by magnetic paleointensity measurements at about 1880-1950 CE, and older flows were dated by similar techniques to the 17th and 19th centuries.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1915 ± 40 years||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Magnetism||Animal Farm lava flow|
|1860 (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Magnetism||Southern South Hump lava flow|
|1620 (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Magnetism||Northern South Hump lava flow|
The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Southern EPR-Segment I.
|"Black smoker" vents (low chlorinity fluids, 374 deg C) were photographed at the "RM28" site at 18 deg 26 min S on Segment I of the Southern East Pacific Rise in November 1994 from the Japanese submersible Shinkai 6500. The narrow axial crest of Segment I of the Southern East Pacific Rise in some places is less than 50 m wide. The largest lava flow field in this EPR segment is the Animal Farm flow, named after a thriving low-temperature hydrothermal site discovered during a submersible expedition in 1993.
Image courtesy of NOAA Vents Program, 1994 (www.pmel.noaa.gov/vents/chemistry/images/).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Bowles J, Gee J S, Kent D V, Bergmanis E, Sinton J, 2005. Cooling rate effects on paleointensity estimates in submarine basaltic glass and implications for dating young flows. Geochem Geophys Geosyst, 6: Q07002, doi:10.1029/2004GC000900.
Carlut J, Kent D V, 2000. Paleointensity record in zero-age submarine basalt glasses: testing a new dating technique for recent MORBs. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 183: 389-401.
Sinton J M, Smaglik S M, Mahoney J J, Macdonald K C, 1991. Magmatic processes at superfast spreading Mid-Ocean Ridges: glass compositional variations along the East Pacific Rise 13°-23° S. J Geophys Res, 96: 6133-6155.
Sinton J, Bergmanis E, Rubin K, Batiza R, Gregg T K P, Gronvold K, Macdonald K C, White S M, 2002. Volcanic eruptions on mid-ocean ridges: new evidence from the superfast spreading East Pacific Rise, 17°-19° S. J Geophys Res, 107: 2115, doi:10.1029/2000JB000090.