Hollister Ridge

No photo available for this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 53.998°S
  • 139.845°W

  • -1000 m
    -3280 ft

  • 335020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: March 1991 (BGVN 16:03) Citation IconCite this Report


Monochromatic acoustic T-wave swarm

RSP stations registered acoustic T-waves from a seismic swarm that may have been centered on a seamount near the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, ~130 km S of the Eltanin fracture zone (figure 1). The episode lasted from 11 to 19 Mar (peak activity 13-19 Mar), and was followed by weak, sporadic activity until 28 Mar. RSP seismologists believed that the swarm was volcanic, although its characteristics were unusual. The network's aperture for events from this region was ~26°. No location uncertainty was given, but the seamount . . . is the only one on bathymetric maps of the area with a summit <1,000 m below the ocean surface. Volcanic activity from the seamount has not previously been reported.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 1. Computer-generated bathymetric map of a portion of the S-central Pacific, showing the Eltanin and Udintsev Fracture Zone systems, and the prominent seamount at about 53.9°S, 140.3°W in the epicentral area of the March 1991 swarm. Contour interval, 200 m. Courtesy of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory.

The T-waves resolved into distinct signals with durations of several seconds, repeat intervals of 15 minutes, and fluctuating amplitudes (figure 2). Each was perfectly monochromatic, without harmonics detectable above the baseline microseismicity (from 20 to 40 dB below the maximum level). Frequencies were between 3.5 and 10 Hz, principally between 5 and 7 Hz during the peak of the swarm (figure 3). The beginning, and especially the end of the swarm, were characterized by the highest-frequency signals. Wave frequency did not vary within individual signals. The signature of the T-waves was consistent with a source in a vertical plane.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 2. Characteristic seismic signals from the earthquake swarm near the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, 15-16 March 1991. Spectral analyses of these (and other) events are shown in figure 3. Courtesy of J. Talandier.
Figure (see Caption) Figure 3. Spectral analyses of some seismic events from the March 1991 swarm near the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, including those shown in figure 2. Courtesy of J. Talandier.

Seismologists noted that the monochromatic character of the seismicity seemed difficult to reconcile with the sounds generated at the interface of lava and sea water during shallow submarine eruptions. Instead, it suggested that these signals could have been emitted by some submarine sources (external or internal), very close to the flanks of the volcano, associated with magmatic activity during or before lava discharge. Explosive volcanism, by contrast, generates a wide spectrum of sound.

The RSP has detected T-waves associated with Macdonald seamount (Austral Islands), Monowai and Raoul (Tonga and Kermadec archipelago), White Island (New Zealand), and a number of volcanoes in Japan, the Marianas, and the Galápagos. None of these seismic events was characterized by monochromatic signals. The volcanic seismicity from episodes at Teahitia in 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1985, which was frequently associated with seismic swarms, was also not comparable. Other T-wave episodes caused by magmatic activity at submarine volcanoes consisted of a large spectrum of submarine noise, as opposed to this swarm's very pure emissions.

Information Contacts: J. Talandier, LDG Tahiti.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hollister Ridge.

Bulletin Reports - Index


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

03/1991 (BGVN 16:03) Monochromatic acoustic T-wave swarm




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


March 1991 (BGVN 16:03) Citation IconCite this Report


Monochromatic acoustic T-wave swarm

RSP stations registered acoustic T-waves from a seismic swarm that may have been centered on a seamount near the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, ~130 km S of the Eltanin fracture zone (figure 1). The episode lasted from 11 to 19 Mar (peak activity 13-19 Mar), and was followed by weak, sporadic activity until 28 Mar. RSP seismologists believed that the swarm was volcanic, although its characteristics were unusual. The network's aperture for events from this region was ~26°. No location uncertainty was given, but the seamount . . . is the only one on bathymetric maps of the area with a summit <1,000 m below the ocean surface. Volcanic activity from the seamount has not previously been reported.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 1. Computer-generated bathymetric map of a portion of the S-central Pacific, showing the Eltanin and Udintsev Fracture Zone systems, and the prominent seamount at about 53.9°S, 140.3°W in the epicentral area of the March 1991 swarm. Contour interval, 200 m. Courtesy of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory.

The T-waves resolved into distinct signals with durations of several seconds, repeat intervals of 15 minutes, and fluctuating amplitudes (figure 2). Each was perfectly monochromatic, without harmonics detectable above the baseline microseismicity (from 20 to 40 dB below the maximum level). Frequencies were between 3.5 and 10 Hz, principally between 5 and 7 Hz during the peak of the swarm (figure 3). The beginning, and especially the end of the swarm, were characterized by the highest-frequency signals. Wave frequency did not vary within individual signals. The signature of the T-waves was consistent with a source in a vertical plane.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 2. Characteristic seismic signals from the earthquake swarm near the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, 15-16 March 1991. Spectral analyses of these (and other) events are shown in figure 3. Courtesy of J. Talandier.
Figure (see Caption) Figure 3. Spectral analyses of some seismic events from the March 1991 swarm near the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, including those shown in figure 2. Courtesy of J. Talandier.

Seismologists noted that the monochromatic character of the seismicity seemed difficult to reconcile with the sounds generated at the interface of lava and sea water during shallow submarine eruptions. Instead, it suggested that these signals could have been emitted by some submarine sources (external or internal), very close to the flanks of the volcano, associated with magmatic activity during or before lava discharge. Explosive volcanism, by contrast, generates a wide spectrum of sound.

The RSP has detected T-waves associated with Macdonald seamount (Austral Islands), Monowai and Raoul (Tonga and Kermadec archipelago), White Island (New Zealand), and a number of volcanoes in Japan, the Marianas, and the Galápagos. None of these seismic events was characterized by monochromatic signals. The volcanic seismicity from episodes at Teahitia in 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1985, which was frequently associated with seismic swarms, was also not comparable. Other T-wave episodes caused by magmatic activity at submarine volcanoes consisted of a large spectrum of submarine noise, as opposed to this swarm's very pure emissions.

Information Contacts: J. Talandier, LDG Tahiti.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1991 Mar 11 ] [ 1991 Mar 19 ] Uncertain 0   Seamount by Pacific-Antarctic Ridge?

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Hollister Ridge.

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Hollister Ridge.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Hollister Ridge in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites