Durango Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 24.15°N
  • 104.45°W

  • 2075 m
    6806 ft

  • 341022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Durango Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Durango Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Durango Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Durango Volcanic Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Durango Volcanic Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery

The bottom of El Jagüey maar is occupied by a small lake which marks the level of the groundwater table that lies about 60 m below the level of the surrounding lava plain and serves as a critical regional water hole for cattle in the foreground. Explosions produced when rising magma encountered this aquifer led to formation of the intersecting La Breña-El Jagüey maars. The NW rim of the 1400-m-wide La Breña maar forms the horizon beyond the saddle between La Breña and the 700-m-wide El Jagüey maar.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex is one of the youngest features of the Durango volcanic field. This view looks SW from the NE rim of El Jagüey toward La Breña maar and shows the prominent laminated pyroclastic-surge beds produced by the maar-forming eruptions. El Jagüey and La Breña are two intersecting maars, 700 and 1400 m wide, respectively, formed by eruptions along a NE-SW-trending line. The maars may be only a few thousand years old.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Steep-walled La Boca crater is a product of the final eruptions of the La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex. La Boca and a nearby small crater, La Boquita, were formed by the accumulation of viscous lava bombs that welded together. The two small craters originated from vents at the SE end of one of the post-maar cones constructed within La Breña maar.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Pyroclastic-surge deposits from La Breña maar in México's Durango volcanic field show both laminar and dune bedding forms. The thin beds (note the pen in the center for scale) were created by successive explosive eruptions that produced high-velocity, laterally moving pyroclastic surges that swept radially away from the volcano. The direction of movement of the surge clouds was from right to left, as seen from the truncated dune beds on the near-vent side.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Durango volcanic field covers 2100 sq km at the eastern edge of the Sierra Madre Occidental (background) of north-central México. The broad, undissected lava plain contains about 100 Quaternary basanitic cinder and lava cones and several important peridotite and granulite xenolith localities. The La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex, two of the youngest features of the Durango volcanic field, are seen here from the ENE at the summit of Cerro Pelón scoria cone. The maars are considered to be only a few thousand years old.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
La Breña maar is seen here from the NE at the saddle between it and El Jagüey maar. The hill and crater at the center part of the photo are part of a cluster of nested cones formed on the floor of La Breña shortly after its formation. These post-maar eruptions produced strombolian scoria-and-ash deposits as the magma/water ratio increased following the hydromagmatic eruptions that created the maars.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1979 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 172 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 116601-1 Lava
NMNH 116601-10 Lava
NMNH 116601-11 Lava
NMNH 116601-12 Scoria
NMNH 116601-13 Scoria
NMNH 116601-14 Scoria
NMNH 116601-15 Lava
NMNH 116601-16 Scoria
NMNH 116601-2 Scoria
NMNH 116601-3 Scoria
NMNH 116601-4 Lava
NMNH 116601-5 Lava
NMNH 116601-6 Lava
NMNH 116601-7 Lava
NMNH 116601-8 Lava
NMNH 116601-9 Lava
NMNH 116610-18 Harzburgite
NMNH 116610-19 Lherzolite
NMNH 116610-20 Lherzolite with basalt and caliche
NMNH 116610-21 Lherzolite
NMNH 116610-22 Harzburgite
NMNH 117213-18 Lherzolite
NMNH 117213-19 Lherzolite
NMNH 117213-21 Lherzolite
NMNH 117213-22 Harzburgite
NMNH 117213-23 Xenolithic with olivine and orthopyroxene
NMNH 117213-24 Xenolithic
NMNH 117213-25 Xenolithic
NMNH 117214-28 Lherzolite
NMNH 117214-29 Xenolithic
NMNH 117214-30 Xenolithic
NMNH 117214-31 Xenolithic
NMNH 117214-32 Pyroxenite
NMNH 117214-33 Xenolithic
NMNH 117214-34 Xenolithic
NMNH 117214-35 Xenolithic
NMNH 117214-36 Lherzolite
NMNH 117214-37 Lherzolite
NMNH 117214-38 Lherzolite
NMNH 117214-39 Lherzolite
NMNH 117214-41 Xenolithic
NMNH 117277-1 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-10 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-11 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-11 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-12 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-12 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-13 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-13 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-14 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-14 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-15 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-16 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-17 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-18 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-18 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-19 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-2 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-20 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-3 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-4 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-5 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-6 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-7 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-8 Hawaiite
NMNH 117277-9 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-1 Nepheline hawaiite
NMNH 117617-10 Basalt
NMNH 117617-100 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-101 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-102 Basalt
NMNH 117617-103 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-103 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-104 Xenolithic
NMNH 117617-105 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-11 Nepheline hawaiite
NMNH 117617-12 Basalt
NMNH 117617-13 Nepheline hawaiite
NMNH 117617-14 Nepheline hawaiite
NMNH 117617-15 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-16 Basalt
NMNH 117617-17 Basalt
NMNH 117617-18 Basalt
NMNH 117617-19 Hypersthene hawaiite
NMNH 117617-2 Basalt
NMNH 117617-20 Basalt
NMNH 117617-21 Basanite
NMNH 117617-22 Basalt
NMNH 117617-23 Basalt
NMNH 117617-24 Basanite
NMNH 117617-25 Basalt
NMNH 117617-26 Basalt
NMNH 117617-27 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-28 Basalt
NMNH 117617-29 Basalt
NMNH 117617-3 Basanite
NMNH 117617-30 Basanite
NMNH 117617-31 Nepheline hawaiite
NMNH 117617-32 Basalt
NMNH 117617-33 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-34 Peridotite xenolith
NMNH 117617-35 Basanite
NMNH 117617-36 Basanite
NMNH 117617-37 Basalt
NMNH 117617-38 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-39 Pyroxenite
NMNH 117617-4 Basanite
NMNH 117617-40 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-41 Granodiorite
NMNH 117617-42 Scoria
NMNH 117617-43 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-44 Basalt
NMNH 117617-45 Hypersthene hawaiite
NMNH 117617-46 Basanite
NMNH 117617-47 Basalt
NMNH 117617-48 Basalt
NMNH 117617-49 Basalt
NMNH 117617-5 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-50 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-51 Basanite
NMNH 117617-52 Basalt
NMNH 117617-53 Basalt
NMNH 117617-54 Basalt
NMNH 117617-55 Basalt
NMNH 117617-56 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-57 Alkali basalt
NMNH 117617-58 Basalt
NMNH 117617-59 Basalt
NMNH 117617-6 Basalt
NMNH 117617-60 Basanite
NMNH 117617-61 Basalt
NMNH 117617-62 Basalt
NMNH 117617-63 Basalt
NMNH 117617-64 Basalt
NMNH 117617-65 Nepheline hawaiite
NMNH 117617-66 Granulite
NMNH 117617-67 Granulite
NMNH 117617-68 Granulite
NMNH 117617-69 Granulite
NMNH 117617-7 Basalt
NMNH 117617-70 Basanite
NMNH 117617-71 Andesite
NMNH 117617-72 Hawaiite
NMNH 117617-73 Basalt
NMNH 117617-74 Basalt
NMNH 117617-75 Hypersthene hawaiite
NMNH 117617-76 Basanite
NMNH 117617-77 Basalt
NMNH 117617-78 Basanite
NMNH 117617-79 Hypersthene hawaiite
NMNH 117617-8 Basalt
NMNH 117617-80 Basalt
NMNH 117617-81 Basalt
NMNH 117617-82 Basalt
NMNH 117617-83 Basalt
NMNH 117617-84 Hypersthene hawaiite
NMNH 117617-85 Hypersthene hawaiite
NMNH 117617-86 Basalt
NMNH 117617-87 Alkali basalt
NMNH 117617-88 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-89 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-9 Basalt
NMNH 117617-90 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-91 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-92 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-93 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-94 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-95 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-96 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-97 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-98 Crustal xenolith
NMNH 117617-99 Crustal xenolith

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