Durango Volcanic Field

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 24.15°N
  • 104.45°W

  • 2075 m
    6806 ft

  • 341022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Durango Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Durango Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Durango Volcanic Field.

The broad Durango volcanic field covers 2100 sq km at the NW corner of the Meseta Central near the eastern edge of the Sierra Madre Occidental of north-central México. The expansive undissected lava plain lies within the Mexican Basin and Range province and is located NE of the city of Durango. The Durango volcanic field is dotted with about 100 Quaternary basanitic cinder and lava cones as well as several important xenolith localities. La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex consists of two intersecting maars, the largest of which (La Breña) contains a series of nested cinder cones. The maar complex is one of the youngest eruptive centers of the Durango volcanic field and was considered by Aranda-Gómez et al. (1992) to be only a few thousand years old.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Durango Volcanic Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Durango Volcanic Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Brenal


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Pelón, Cerro Cinder cone 24° 25' 0" N 104° 30' 0" W
Tunas, Cerro las Cinder cone 24° 25' 0" N 104° 30' 0" W


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Breña, La Maar 2075 m 24° 25' 0" N 104° 32' 0" W
Jagüey, El Maar 2075 m 24° 25' 0" N 104° 32' 0" W
The bottom of El Jagüey maar is occupied by a small lake which marks the level of the groundwater table that lies about 60 m below the level of the surrounding lava plain and serves as a critical regional water hole for cattle in the foreground. Explosions produced when rising magma encountered this aquifer led to formation of the intersecting La Breña-El Jagüey maars. The NW rim of the 1400-m-wide La Breña maar forms the horizon beyond the saddle between La Breña and the 700-m-wide El Jagüey maar.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
The La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex is one of the youngest features of the Durango volcanic field. This view looks SW from the NE rim of El Jagüey toward La Breña maar and shows the prominent laminated pyroclastic-surge beds produced by the maar-forming eruptions. El Jagüey and La Breña are two intersecting maars, 700 and 1400 m wide, respectively, formed by eruptions along a NE-SW-trending line. The maars may be only a few thousand years old.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
Steep-walled La Boca crater is a product of the final eruptions of the La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex. La Boca and a nearby small crater, La Boquita, were formed by the accumulation of viscous lava bombs that welded together. The two small craters originated from vents at the SE end of one of the post-maar cones constructed within La Breña maar.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
Pyroclastic-surge deposits from La Breña maar in México's Durango volcanic field show both laminar and dune bedding forms. The thin beds (note the pen in the center for scale) were created by successive explosive eruptions that produced high-velocity, laterally moving pyroclastic surges that swept radially away from the volcano. The direction of movement of the surge clouds was from right to left, as seen from the truncated dune beds on the near-vent side.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
The Durango volcanic field covers 2100 sq km at the eastern edge of the Sierra Madre Occidental (background) of north-central México. The broad, undissected lava plain contains about 100 Quaternary basanitic cinder and lava cones and several important peridotite and granulite xenolith localities. The La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex, two of the youngest features of the Durango volcanic field, are seen here from the ENE at the summit of Cerro Pelón scoria cone. The maars are considered to be only a few thousand years old.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
La Breña maar is seen here from the NE at the saddle between it and El Jagüey maar. The hill and crater at the center part of the photo are part of a cluster of nested cones formed on the floor of La Breña shortly after its formation. These post-maar eruptions produced strombolian scoria-and-ash deposits as the magma/water ratio increased following the hydromagmatic eruptions that created the maars.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1979 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Aranda-Gomez J J, Luhr J F, Pier J G, 1992. The La Brena - El Jaguey maar complex, Durango, Mexico: I. Geological evolution. Bull Volc, 54: 393-404.

Foshag W F, Gonzalez-Reyna J, 1956. Birth and development of Paricutin volcano. U S Geol Surv Bull, 965-D: 355-489.

Luhr J F, Kimberly P G, Siebert L, Aranda-Gomez J J, Housh T B, Kysar Mattietti G, 2006. Quaternary volcanic rocks: insights from the MEXPET petrological and geochemical database. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 1-44.

Pier J G, Luhr J F, Podosek F A, Aranda-Gomez J J, 1992. The La Brena El Jaguey Maar Complex, Durango, Mexico: II. Petrology and geochemistry. Bull Volc, 54: 405-428.

Volcano Types

Cinder cone(s)
Maar(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
571,282
571,282
571,282
797,133

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Durango Volcanic Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.