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Durango Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
  • Mexico
  • México and Central America
  • Pyroclastic cone(s)
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 24.15°N
  • 104.45°W

  • 2075 m
    6808 ft

  • 341022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Durango Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Durango Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Durango Volcanic Field.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Durango Volcanic Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Durango Volcanic Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Durango Volcanic Field.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Durango Volcanic Field.

Photo Gallery

The bottom of El Jagüey maar is occupied by a small lake which marks the level of the groundwater table that lies about 60 m below the level of the surrounding lava plain and serves as a critical regional water hole for cattle in the foreground. Explosions produced when rising magma encountered this aquifer led to formation of the intersecting La Breña-El Jagüey maars. The NW rim of the 1400-m-wide La Breña maar forms the horizon beyond the saddle between La Breña and the 700-m-wide El Jagüey maar.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex is one of the youngest features of the Durango volcanic field. This view looks SW from the NE rim of El Jagüey toward La Breña maar and shows the prominent laminated pyroclastic-surge beds produced by the maar-forming eruptions. El Jagüey and La Breña are two intersecting maars, 700 and 1400 m wide, respectively, formed by eruptions along a NE-SW-trending line. The maars may be only a few thousand years old.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Steep-walled La Boca crater is a product of the final eruptions of the La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex. La Boca and a nearby small crater, La Boquita, were formed by the accumulation of viscous lava bombs that welded together. The two small craters originated from vents at the SE end of one of the post-maar cones constructed within La Breña maar.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Pyroclastic-surge deposits from La Breña maar in México's Durango volcanic field show both laminar and dune bedding forms. The thin beds (note the pen in the center for scale) were created by successive explosive eruptions that produced high-velocity, laterally moving pyroclastic surges that swept radially away from the volcano. The direction of movement of the surge clouds was from right to left, as seen from the truncated dune beds on the near-vent side.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Durango volcanic field covers 2100 sq km at the eastern edge of the Sierra Madre Occidental (background) of north-central México. The broad, undissected lava plain contains about 100 Quaternary basanitic cinder and lava cones and several important peridotite and granulite xenolith localities. The La Breña-El Jagüey maar complex, two of the youngest features of the Durango volcanic field, are seen here from the ENE at the summit of Cerro Pelón scoria cone. The maars are considered to be only a few thousand years old.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
La Breña maar is seen here from the NE at the saddle between it and El Jagüey maar. The hill and crater at the center part of the photo are part of a cluster of nested cones formed on the floor of La Breña shortly after its formation. These post-maar eruptions produced strombolian scoria-and-ash deposits as the magma/water ratio increased following the hydromagmatic eruptions that created the maars.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1979 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Publisher: Recursos Minerales and Institute de Gelogia
Country: Mexico
Year: 1992
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Title: Mexico, United States
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mexico, US- TX, NM, AZ
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Mexico, United States
Title: Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mexico
Year: 1985
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Mexico
Title: Estado de Coahuila
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de  Coahuila
Title: Estado de Sinaloa
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de  Sinaloa
Title: Estado de Durango
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de  Durango
Title: Estado de Nuevo Leon
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de  Nuevo Leon
Title: Durango
Publisher: SPP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1981
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Durango
Title: Ignacio Lopez Rayon
Publisher: SPP CGSNI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Ignacio Lopez Rayon
Title: Tuitan
Publisher: SPP CGSNI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1977
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tuitan
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 172 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116601-1 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-10 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-11 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-12 Scoria -- --
NMNH 116601-13 Scoria -- --
NMNH 116601-14 Scoria -- --
NMNH 116601-15 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-16 Scoria -- --
NMNH 116601-2 Scoria -- --
NMNH 116601-3 Scoria -- --
NMNH 116601-4 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-5 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-6 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-7 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-8 Lava -- --
NMNH 116601-9 Lava -- --
NMNH 116610-18 Harzburgite LA BRENA --
NMNH 116610-19 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 116610-20 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 116610-21 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 116610-22 Harzburgite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117213-18 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117213-19 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117213-21 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117213-22 Harzburgite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117213-23 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117213-24 Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117213-25 Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117214-28 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-29 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-30 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-31 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-32 Pyroxenite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-33 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-34 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-35 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-36 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-37 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-38 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-39 Lherzolite LA BRENA --
NMNH 117214-41 Xenolith LA BRENA --
NMNH 117277-1 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-10 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-11 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-11 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-12 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-12 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-13 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-13 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-14 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-14 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-15 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-16 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-17 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-18 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-18 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-19 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-2 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-20 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-3 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-4 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-5 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-6 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-7 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-8 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117277-9 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-1 Nepheline Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-10 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-100 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-101 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-102 Basalt Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-103 Crustal Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117617-103 Crustal Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117617-104 Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117617-105 Crustal Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117617-11 Nepheline Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-12 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-13 Nepheline Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-14 Nepheline Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-15 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-16 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-17 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-18 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-19 Hypersthene Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-2 Basalt (?) -- --
NMNH 117617-20 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-21 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-22 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-23 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-24 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-25 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-26 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-27 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-28 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-29 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-3 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-30 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-31 Nepheline Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-32 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-33 Crustal Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117617-34 Peridotite Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117617-35 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-36 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-37 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-38 Hawaiite Cerro Techonte --
NMNH 117617-39 Pyroxenite Cerro Techonte --
NMNH 117617-4 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-40 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-41 Granodiorite -- --
NMNH 117617-42 Scoria -- --
NMNH 117617-43 Hawaiite Volcán Carranza --
NMNH 117617-44 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-45 Hypersthene Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-46 Basanite Cerro La Cazuela --
NMNH 117617-47 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-48 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-49 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-5 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-50 Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-51 Basanite Cerro Prieto del Rayo --
NMNH 117617-52 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-53 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-54 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-55 Basalt Cerro Blanco --
NMNH 117617-56 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Blanco --
NMNH 117617-57 Alkali Basalt Cerro Los Chorreños --
NMNH 117617-58 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-59 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-6 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-60 Basanite Cerro El Tenechote --
NMNH 117617-61 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-62 Basalt Cerro Los Hermanos --
NMNH 117617-63 Basalt Cerro Los Hermanos --
NMNH 117617-64 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-65 Nepheline Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-66 Granulite -- --
NMNH 117617-67 Granulite -- --
NMNH 117617-68 Granulite -- --
NMNH 117617-69 Granulite -- --
NMNH 117617-7 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-70 Basanite Cerro Chico --
NMNH 117617-71 Andesite Cerro Chico --
NMNH 117617-72 Hawaiite Cerro Chico --
NMNH 117617-73 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-74 Basalt Volcán Tepalcate --
NMNH 117617-75 Hypersthene Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-76 Basanite Cerro Prieto Las Minas --
NMNH 117617-77 Basalt Cerro Chicharronera --
NMNH 117617-78 Basanite -- --
NMNH 117617-79 Hypersthene Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-8 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-80 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-81 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-82 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-83 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-84 Hypersthene Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-85 Hypersthene Hawaiite -- --
NMNH 117617-86 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-87 Alkali Basalt Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-88 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-89 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-9 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117617-90 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-91 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-92 Crustal Xenolith -- --
NMNH 117617-93 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-94 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-95 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-96 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-97 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-98 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
NMNH 117617-99 Crustal Xenolith Cerro Prieto --
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