Naolinco Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.67°N
  • 96.75°W

  • 2000 m
    6560 ft

  • 341095
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1200 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Rincón de Chapultepec

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The Naolinco volcanic field consists of a broad area of scattered Quaternary pyroclastic cones and associated dominantly basaltic lava flows north of the city of Jalapa, the capital city of the state of Veracruz. The largest cone is 2000-m-high Cerro Acatlán (seen on the center-horizon), which is located NE of the town of Naolinco de Victoria. This and other nearby cones have fed lava flows that traveled to the south and SE. The barren area in the foreground is part of the Río Naolinco lava flow erupted from vents on the NE flank of Cofre de Perote volcano.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Coacoatzintla lava flow that fills this valley floor originated from a vent at the base of Rincón de Chapultepec crater (left foreground). The flow was dated at about 3000 years ago and underlies the present-day town of Coacoatzintla, which lies in front of the dark-colored hill below the right horizon. The flow, which traveled 6 km to the south, diverted around the hill (formed of limestone bedrock) into the valley of the Río Naolinco, which extends from right to left in the distance. This eruption is the youngest known from the Naolinco volcanic field.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The rounded ridge in the partial sunlight in the foreground is the tephra-mantled surface of a lava flow erupted from the base of the Rincón de Chapultepec scoria cone about 3000 years ago. This thick, viscous 50-m-high lobe was extruded for a distance of 2 km to the south on top of an earlier olivine-basaltic lava flow that filled the valley floor and traveled 6 km from the vent.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
A road zig zags up the southern flanks of the Rincón de Chapultepec cinder cone (left center). The well-preserved crater rim is barely visible against a tip of a ridge of the Sierra de Chiconquiaco range on which the cone was constructed. The valley floor is underlain by tephra deposits from Rincón de Chapultepec that overlie a lava flow that issued from the base of the cone. Rincón de Chapultepec formed about 3000 years ago and is the youngest known vent of the Naolinco volcanic field.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Puebla Vieja pyroclastic cone along the horizon at the left center is one of the westernmost cones of the Naolinco volcanic field. The forested mound in the center of the photo is the distal portion of a lava flow that traveled to the SE down the valley floor in the center of the photo. In the foreground are exposures of the Coacoatzintla lava flow from the Rincón de Chapultepec cone.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Naolinco Volcanic Field in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites