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Naolinco Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
  • Mexico
  • México and Central America
  • Pyroclastic cone(s)
  • 1200 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.67°N
  • 96.75°W

  • 2000 m
    6560 ft

  • 341095
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1200 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Rincón de Chapultepec
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

Photo Gallery

The Naolinco volcanic field consists of a broad area of scattered Quaternary pyroclastic cones and associated dominantly basaltic lava flows north of the city of Jalapa, the capital city of the state of Veracruz. The largest cone is 2000-m-high Cerro Acatlán (seen on the center-horizon), which is located NE of the town of Naolinco de Victoria. This and other nearby cones have fed lava flows that traveled to the south and SE. The barren area in the foreground is part of the Río Naolinco lava flow erupted from vents on the NE flank of Cofre de Perote volcano.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Coacoatzintla lava flow that fills this valley floor originated from a vent at the base of Rincón de Chapultepec crater (left foreground). The flow was dated at about 3000 years ago and underlies the present-day town of Coacoatzintla, which lies in front of the dark-colored hill below the right horizon. The flow, which traveled 6 km to the south, diverted around the hill (formed of limestone bedrock) into the valley of the Río Naolinco, which extends from right to left in the distance. This eruption is the youngest known from the Naolinco volcanic field.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The rounded ridge in the partial sunlight in the foreground is the tephra-mantled surface of a lava flow erupted from the base of the Rincón de Chapultepec scoria cone about 3000 years ago. This thick, viscous 50-m-high lobe was extruded for a distance of 2 km to the south on top of an earlier olivine-basaltic lava flow that filled the valley floor and traveled 6 km from the vent.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
A road zig zags up the southern flanks of the Rincón de Chapultepec cinder cone (left center). The well-preserved crater rim is barely visible against a tip of a ridge of the Sierra de Chiconquiaco range on which the cone was constructed. The valley floor is underlain by tephra deposits from Rincón de Chapultepec that overlie a lava flow that issued from the base of the cone. Rincón de Chapultepec formed about 3000 years ago and is the youngest known vent of the Naolinco volcanic field.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The Puebla Vieja pyroclastic cone along the horizon at the left center is one of the westernmost cones of the Naolinco volcanic field. The forested mound in the center of the photo is the distal portion of a lava flow that traveled to the SE down the valley floor in the center of the photo. In the foreground are exposures of the Coacoatzintla lava flow from the Rincón de Chapultepec cone.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Poza Rica
Publisher: INEGI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1998
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Poza Rica
Title: Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Publisher: Recursos Minerales and Institute de Gelogia
Country: Mexico
Year: 1992
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Title: Misantla
Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Geografia e Informatica
Country: Mexico
Year: 1990
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Misantla
Title: Altotonga
Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Geografia e Informatica
Country: Mexico
Year: 1987
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Altotonga
Title: Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mexico
Year: 1985
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Mexico
Title: Estado de Tamaulipas Veracruz
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de  Tamaulipas Veracruz
Title: Estado de Oaxaca
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de Oaxaca
Title: Estado de Puebla
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Estado de Puebla
Title: Veracruz
Publisher: INEGI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Veracruz
Title: Belize, Cuba, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mexico
Year: 1981
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Belize, Cuba, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Naolinco Volcanic Field in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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