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Sierra la Primavera

Photo of this volcano
  • Mexico
  • México and Central America
  • Caldera
  • Pleistocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.62°N
  • 103.52°W

  • 2270 m
    7448 ft

  • 341820
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Sierra la Primavera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Sierra la Primavera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Sierra la Primavera.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Sierra la Primavera. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Sierra la Primavera page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Sierra la Primavera.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Sierra la Primavera.

Photo Gallery

The Sierra La Primavera complex has been the site of extensive geothermal development. The drill rig here is at well PR-5, which was drilled to a depth of 1215 m. This well is located near the center of the caldera, just south of the Mesa El Nejahuete lava dome. Surface exposures in this location consist of tuffaceous lacustrine sediments and comenditic airfall tuffs. Volcán Tequila can be seen faintly on the center horizon to the NW.

Photo by Pat Dobson, 1982 (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).
See title for photo information.
Fumaroles of the La Primavera geothermal field steam in the foreground along La Azufrera fault, whose trace can be seen in the vertical rock-filled gully in the background. Note the person observing the fault trace at the lower left-center for scale. The geothermal field at La Primavera has been explored by the Mexican Comisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE). Exploratory drilling began in 1980.

Photo by Pat Dobson, 1982 (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).
See title for photo information.
Cerro El Colli, a small rhyolitic lava dome that is one of the youngest post-caldera domes of the Sierra La Primavera volcanic complex, rises to the south above the eastern caldera floor. The dome has been dated at about 30,000 years and is the easternmost of several emplaced along an arc along the southern caldera margin. Eruption of the Southern Arc lavas began about 60,000 years ago and were accompanied by eruptions of airfall pumice and pyroclastic flows. Southern Arc lavas are generally younger to the east.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The spectacular giant pumice beds of Primavera volcano represent an unusual sedimentation event following formation of La Primavera caldera. Individual blocks of inflated pumice from 0.3 to >6 m across are enclosed within fine-grained lake sediments. The giant pumice blocks originated by eruption of rhyolitic lava into a caldera lake. The pumice fractured into large blocks that floated to the surface, rafted across the lake, and gently settled to the bottom. Subsequent deposition of fine-grained lake sediments buried the pumice blocks.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1979 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Cerro El Colli is a small rhyolitic lava dome that is one of the youngest post-caldera domes of the Sierra La Primavera volcanic complex, immediately west of the city of Guadalajara. The dome, seen here from the south, has been dated at about 30,000 years and is the easternmost of several emplaced along an arc near the southern caldera margin. An 11-km-wide caldera was formed as a result of the eruption of the 20 cu km Tala Tuff about 95,000 years ago. Steam vents and hot springs currently are active throughout the volcanic complex.

Photo by Hugo Delgado-Granados, (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Puerto Vallarta
Publisher: INEGI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1998
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Puerto Vallarta

Title: Tequila
Publisher: INEGI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1998
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tequila

Title: Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Publisher: Recursos Minerales and Institute de Gelogia
Country: Mexico
Year: 1992
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana

Title: Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mexico
Year: 1985
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Mexico

Title: Guadalajara
Publisher: INEGI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1985
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Guadalajara

Title: Aguascalientes
Publisher: SPP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Aguascalientes

Title: Estado de Sinaloa
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de  Sinaloa

Title: Estado de Durango
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Estado de  Durango

Title: Estado de Nayarit
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Estado de Nayarit

Title: Estado de Jalisco
Publisher: USGS /SAHOP
Country: Mexico
Year: 1982
Series: SAHOP Landsat
Map Type: Satellite
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Estado de Jalisco

Title: Tepic
Publisher: INEGI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Tepic

Title: El Salvador
Publisher: SPP CGSNI
Country: Mexico
Year: 1979
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of El Salvador

Title: Etzatlan
Publisher: Comision de Estudios del Territorio Nacional
Country: Mexico
Year: 1974
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Etzatlan

Title: Hostotipaquillo
Publisher: Comision de Estudios del Territorio Nacional
Country: Mexico
Year: 1973
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Hostotipaquillo
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 25 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 117551-16 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-17 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-18 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-19 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-20 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-21 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-22 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-23 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-24 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-25 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-26 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-27 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-28 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-29 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-30 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-31 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-32 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-33 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-34 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-35 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-36 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-37 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-38 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-39 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-40 Unidentified -- --
External Sites