Sierra la Primavera

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.62°N
  • 103.52°W

  • 2270 m
    7446 ft

  • 341820
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Sierra la Primavera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Sierra la Primavera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Sierra la Primavera.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History


The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Sierra la Primavera. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Sierra la Primavera page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History


There is no Deformation History data available for Sierra la Primavera.

Emission History


There is no Emissions History data available for Sierra la Primavera.

Photo Gallery


The Sierra La Primavera complex has been the site of extensive geothermal development. The drill rig here is at well PR-5, which was drilled to a depth of 1215 m. This well is located near the center of the caldera, just south of the Mesa El Nejahuete lava dome. Surface exposures in this location consist of tuffaceous lacustrine sediments and comenditic airfall tuffs. Volcán Tequila can be seen faintly on the center horizon to the NW.

Photo by Pat Dobson, 1982 (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).
See title for photo information.
Fumaroles of the La Primavera geothermal field steam in the foreground along La Azufrera fault, whose trace can be seen in the vertical rock-filled gully in the background. Note the person observing the fault trace at the lower left-center for scale. The geothermal field at La Primavera has been explored by the Mexican Comisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE). Exploratory drilling began in 1980.

Photo by Pat Dobson, 1982 (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).
See title for photo information.
Cerro El Colli, a small rhyolitic lava dome that is one of the youngest post-caldera domes of the Sierra La Primavera volcanic complex, rises to the south above the eastern caldera floor. The dome has been dated at about 30,000 years and is the easternmost of several emplaced along an arc along the southern caldera margin. Eruption of the Southern Arc lavas began about 60,000 years ago and were accompanied by eruptions of airfall pumice and pyroclastic flows. Southern Arc lavas are generally younger to the east.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The spectacular giant pumice beds of Primavera volcano represent an unusual sedimentation event following formation of La Primavera caldera. Individual blocks of inflated pumice from 0.3 to >6 m across are enclosed within fine-grained lake sediments. The giant pumice blocks originated by eruption of rhyolitic lava into a caldera lake. The pumice fractured into large blocks that floated to the surface, rafted across the lake, and gently settled to the bottom. Subsequent deposition of fine-grained lake sediments buried the pumice blocks.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1979 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Cerro El Colli is a small rhyolitic lava dome that is one of the youngest post-caldera domes of the Sierra La Primavera volcanic complex, immediately west of the city of Guadalajara. The dome, seen here from the south, has been dated at about 30,000 years and is the easternmost of several emplaced along an arc near the southern caldera margin. An 11-km-wide caldera was formed as a result of the eruption of the 20 cu km Tala Tuff about 95,000 years ago. Steam vents and hot springs currently are active throughout the volcanic complex.

Photo by Hugo Delgado-Granados, (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


The following 25 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 117551-16 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-17 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-18 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-19 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-20 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-21 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-22 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-23 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-24 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-25 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-26 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-27 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-28 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-29 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-30 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-31 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-32 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-33 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-34 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-35 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-36 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-37 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-38 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-39 Unidentified -- --
NMNH 117551-40 Unidentified -- --

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