Cuilapa-Barbarena

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.33°N
  • 90.4°W

  • 1454 m
    4769 ft

  • 342111
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cuilapa-Barbarena.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Cuilapa-Barbarena.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Cuilapa-Barbarena.

The Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field contains approximately 70 Quaternary cinder cones, generally less than 100 m high. Many of the mostly basaltic cones are located along the strike of the major regional Jalpatagua fault, which extends SE from Guatemala City, north of the chain of stratovolcanoes stretching across Guatemala. The cones were erupted from fracture systems related to the intersection of the Jalpatagua fault with the southern and western margins of the Miocene Santa Rosa de Lima caldera and overlie pyroclastic-flow deposits from Amatitlán caldera to the NW. The age of the most recent eruptions is not known, although the youngest cones post-date the last phase of eruptive activity at Tecuamburro volcano and could be of Holocene age (Reynolds, 1987). Williams (1960) considered the most recent eruptions from the Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field to have occurred within the last few thousand years.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Cuilapa-Barbarena. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Cuilapa-Barbarena page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Alto, Cerro Cinder cone 1368 m 14° 22' 0" N 90° 29' 0" W
Barberena, Cerrito de Cinder cone 1300 m 14° 18' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Brasil, Cerro Cinder cone 1180 m 14° 21' 0" N 90° 27' 0" W
Brito, Cerro de Cinder cone 1270 m 14° 22' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Bueyes, Cerro de los Cinder cone 1098 m 14° 22' 0" N 90° 25' 0" W
Cementerio Brito, Cerro del Cinder cone 1240 m 14° 21' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Cuilapa Sur, Cerro Cinder cone 900 m 14° 16' 0" N 90° 17' 0" W
Cuilapa, Volcán Cinder cone 1080 m 14° 17' 0" N 90° 18' 0" W
Don Chana, Cerro
    Don Gregorio
Cinder cone 1259 m 14° 22' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Esclavos, Cerrito los Cinder cone 950 m 14° 16' 0" N 90° 17' 0" W
Gordo, Cerrito Cinder cone 1300 m 14° 23' 0" N 90° 31' 0" W
Jocotillo, Cerro el Cinder cone 1240 m 14° 22' 0" N 90° 30' 0" W
Joya de Limón, Cerrito Cinder cone 1040 m 14° 16' 0" N 90° 17' 0" W
Junquillo Norte, Cerro el Cinder cone 1359 m 14° 22' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Junquillo Sur, Cerro el Cinder cone 1478 m 14° 20' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Pino, Cerrito el Cinder cone 1060 m 14° 20' 0" N 90° 24' 0" W
Porvenir, Cerro el Cinder cone 1280 m 14° 17' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Providencia, Cerro la Cinder cone 1241 m 14° 17' 0" N 90° 20' 0" W
Redondo, Cerro
    Cementerio, Cerro
Cinder cone 1220 m 14° 23' 0" N 90° 26' 0" W
Santa Elena, Cerrito de Cinder cone 1060 m 14° 17' 0" N 90° 17' 0" W
Trapichito, Cerro Cinder cone 1260 m 14° 22' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Vega, Cerrito la Cinder cone 1180 m 14° 21' 0" N 90° 29' 0" W
Vega, Cerro los Cinder cone 1412 m 14° 19' 0" N 90° 21' 0" W
Viñas, Cerrito las Cinder cone 1060 m 14° 21' 0" N 90° 25' 0" W
The Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field contains approximately 70 Quaternary cinder cones, generally less than 100 m high. Many of the cones are located along the strike of the Jalpatagua fault, which extends SE from Guatemala City, north of the chain of stratovolcanoes stretching across Guatemala. The youngest cones were estimated to be of Holocene age, perhaps less than 1000 years old.

Photo by Lee Siebert (Smithsonian Institution).
A volcanic plume from Pacaya volcano extends eastward from the left to Cerro Redondo, a small symmetrical cinder cone in the center of the image. This cone is one of the youngest features of the Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field, a cluster of about 70 Quaternary cinder cones located near the cities of Cuilapa and Barbarena (lower right) and in areas to the north and west. The cones were constructed where the NW-SE-trending Jalpatagua Fault intersects the southern margin of the Miocene Santa Rosa de Lima caldera.

NASA Landsat image, 2000 (courtesy of Loren Siebert, University of Akron).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Heiken G, Duffield W, 1990. An evaluation of the geothermal potential of the Tecuamburro volcano area of Guatemala. Central Amer Energy Resour Project, LA-11906-MS, Los Alamos Natl Lab, Los Alamos, NM 87545, 37 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Reynolds J H, 1987. Timing and sources of Neogene and Quaternary volcanism in south-central Guatemala. J Volc Geotherm Res, 33: 9-22.

Williams H, 1960. Volcanic history of the Guatemalan Highlands. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 38: 1-86.

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
119,602
119,602
987,252
6,943,297

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Cuilapa-Barbarena Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.