Cerro Santiago

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.33°N
  • 89.87°W

  • 1192 m
    3910 ft

  • 342150
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cerro Santiago.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Cerro Santiago.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Cerro Santiago.

A cluster of cinder cones and low shield volcanoes surrounds the city of Jutiapa in SE Guatemala. The most prominent feature is Cerro Santiago, one of two coalescing cinder cones capping a low shield volcano SE of Jutiapa. Youthful flows from the twin Los Cerritos cones NE of Jutiapa cross the Interamerican highway. Volcán Culma forms a steep-sided basaltic lava mound immediately east of the city. To the west lies Cerro Gordo (referred to by Williams et al., 1964 as Volcano Amayo), a craterless cinder cone surrounded by basaltic lava flows. It is one of several cinder cones to have produced lava flows that blanket the landscape between Jutiapa and Tertiary volcanic hills to the south.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Cerro Santiago. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Cerro Santiago page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Jutiapa Group


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Apantes, Cerro de Cinder cone 1260 m 14° 23' 0" N 89° 53' 0" W
Aradas, Cerro las Cinder cone 1160 m 14° 21' 0" N 89° 52' 0" W
Cerritos, Los Cone
Culma, Volcán Cinder cone 1027 m 14° 18' 0" N 89° 53' 0" W
San Antonio I, Cerro Cinder cone 1192 m 14° 20' 0" N 89° 53' 0" W
San Juan, Cerro Cinder cone 1125 m 14° 22' 0" N 89° 49' 0" W
A cluster of cinder cones and low shield volcanoes surrounds the city of Jutiapa in SE Guatemala. This photo shows Volcán Culma, a lava cone composed of coarsely porphyritic basaltic lavas on the eastern side of the city. The most prominent feature of the volcanic field is Cerro Santiago, one of two coalescing cinder cones capping a low shield volcano SE of Jutiapa. This photo was taken from the Pan-American highway, which here is underlain by youthful flows from the twin Los Cerritos cones NE of Jutiapa.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Williams H, McBirney A R, Dengo G, 1964. Geologic reconnaissance of southeastern Guatemala. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 50: 1-62.

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
226,325
226,325
405,083
8,210,264

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Cerro Santiago Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.