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Suchitán

Photo of this volcano
  • Guatemala
  • México and Central America
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.4°N
  • 89.78°W

  • 2042 m
    6699 ft

  • 342160
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Suchitán.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Suchitán.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Suchitán.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1469 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Suchitán.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Suchitán.

Photo Gallery

The elongated Suchitán volcano, seen here from the west on the rim of Retana caldera, is the highest of a cluster of closely spaced small stratovolcanoes and basaltic cinder-cone fields in SE Guatemala. The large peak to the left of the 2042-m-high summit of Suchitán is Cerro Mataltepe; other cinder cones occur lower on the north flank. One of the latest lava flows from Suchitán traveled through a low notch in the east rim of the caldera. The flat-bottomed floor of Retana caldera once contained a lake, but now is used for agricultural land.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1993 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The flat floor of the 5-km-wide Retana caldera between Suchitán and Tahual volcanoes is now used for farmland. The steep-sided caldera walls range up to 250 m in height, and a low notch on the northern rim (left-center) drains the caldera. The caldera was considered to have formed mainly by subsidence; the volume of dacitic pumice and lithic fragments associated with caldera formation is insufficient to account for the 1.5 cu km volume of the caldera.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1993 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Retana caldera, between Suchitán and Tahual volcanoes, is a prominent steep-walled caldera once filled by Laguna Retana. The lake periodically became dry and was refilled in the 19th and 20th centuries and has now been drained to provide access to rich soils on the lake floor. A canal drains the lake through a notch on its northern rim (extreme right). The caldera is seen here from its eastern rim (on the flank of Suchitán volcano). Volcán Tahual is the forested volcano behind the caldera at the right-center.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1993 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
This view from the Apaneca Range shows the CH-A well and drill rig of the Ahuachapán geothermal field in the foreground. The conical peak on the left horizon to the north across the lowlands of El Salvador's interior valley is Volcán Chingo, along the El Salvador/Guatemala border. The flat-topped peak in the far right distance is Volcán Suchitán in Guatemala.

Photo by Comisión Ejecutiva Hidroeléctricia del Río Lempa (CEL), 1992.
See title for photo information.
The irregular summit ridge of Volcán Suchitán is seen here from the SSW, west of the city of Asunción Mita. The largely andesitic stratovolcano rises 1100 m above its base and is one of the largest in SE Guatemala. The stratovolcano is extensively eroded, and large canyons cut its slopes. Two basaltic lava flows of estimated Holocene age were erupted from vents on the northern and NW flanks.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The northern wall of Coatepeque caldera rises about 250 m above the surface of Lago de Coatepeque, whose shores are lined with residences and small hotels. The conical peak on the left horizon is Volcán Chingo, which straddles the El Salvador/Guatemala border. The flat-topped peak on the far right horizon is Volcán Suchitán, one of the largest volcanoes in SE Guatemala.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2002 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Guatemala
Publisher: Instituto Geografico Militar
Country: Guatemala
Year: 1993
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Guatemala
Title: Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Publisher: Recursos Minerales and Institute de Gelogia
Country: Mexico
Year: 1992
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Title: Paso el Jobo
Publisher: IGN
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Paso el Jobo
Title: Carta Gravimetrica 1984 - 1985 Anomalias Bouguer Simple
Publisher: Instituto Geografico Nacional "Ingeniero Pablo Guzman"
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1986
Map Type: Geophysical (Gravity)
Scale: 1:300,000
Map of Carta Gravimetrica 1984 - 1985 Anomalias Bouguer Simple
Title: Mapa Oficial de La Republica de El Salvador
Publisher: Instituto Geografico Nacional "Ingeniero Pablo Guzman"
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Mapa Oficial de La Republica de El Salvador
Title: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: NW C Am (GU ES HO)
Year: 1982
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Title: Santa Ana
Publisher: BGR, West Germany
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1978
Series: El Salvador Geology
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Santa Ana
Title: Santa Ana
Publisher: IGN
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1974
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Santa Ana
Title: Mapa Hipsometrico de la Republica de Guatemala
Publisher: IGN
Country: Guatemala
Year: 1970
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Mapa Hipsometrico de la Republica de Guatemala
Title: Mapa Hipsometrico de la Republica de Guatemala
Publisher: IGN
Country: Guatemala
Year: 1970
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Mapa Hipsometrico de la Republica de Guatemala
Title: San Salvador
Publisher: Geographic Branch (G2) General Staff U. S. A.
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1935
Series: 107
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of San Salvador
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Suchitán in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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