Chiquimula Volcanic Field

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.83°N
  • 89.55°W

  • 1192 m
    3910 ft

  • 342200
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Chiquimula Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Chiquimula Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Chiquimula Volcanic Field.

The Chiquimula volcanic field occupies a fault-bounded basin underlain by Cretaceous plutonic rocks in the Chiquimula Valley of SE Guatemala. Initial eruptions during the Pleistocene produced mesa-forming basaltic lava flows along the N-S-trending fault forming the eastern edge of the Ipala graben. These were followed by the eruption of widespread lava flows NW of Chiquimula town that covered about 12 sq km. The most recent eruptions produced basaltic cinder cones and lava flows near the northern edge of Chiquimula town. The cinder cones were constructed along a N-S-trending fracture, with Cerro Grande at the northern end being the largest and Cerro Chiquito at the southern end being the youngest. The lava flows from Cerro Chiquito are so fresh and sparsely vegetated they were considered by Williams et al. (1964) to possibly be less than 1000 years old.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Chiquimula Volcanic Field. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Chiquimula Volcanic Field page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Astillero, Cerrito el Lava cone 650 m 14° 47' 0" N 89° 30' 0" W
Guatojón, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 740 m 14° 50' 0" N 89° 33' 0" W
Otro Lado, Cerro el Pyroclastic cone 616 m 14° 50' 0" N 89° 33' 0" W
Paxapá, Cerro Lava cone 1069 m 14° 51' 0" N 89° 36' 0" W
Sillón Abajo, Cerrito el Lava cone 640 m 14° 47' 0" N 89° 30' 0" W
Sillón, Cerrito el Lava cone 617 m 14° 48' 0" N 89° 29' 0" W
Tacó Arriba, Cerrito de Lava cone 1192 m 14° 47' 0" N 89° 37' 0" W
Vidal, Cerrito de los Lava cone 640 m 14° 46' 0" N 89° 30' 0" W
The Chiquimula volcanic field occupies a fault-bounded basin underlain by light-colored Cretaceous plutonic rocks in the Chiquimula Valley of SE Guatemala. The most recent eruptions produced basaltic cinder cones and lava flows constructed along a N-S-trending fracture starting near the northern edge of Chiquimula town. Part of the town is seen on the valley floor to the right of the hill in the center of this photo, taken from the NW along the road to Maraxco.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
The youngest vents of the Chiquimula volcanic field were erupted along a N-S-trending fracture north of the town of Chiquimula. They are seen here from the NE, north of the town of Petapilo. The northernmost of the young cones, Cerro Grande, is the oldest and largest. The youngest lava flows originated from fissure vents at Cerro Chiquito. The age of these unvegetated flows is not known, but they may be less than a thousand years old.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Williams H, McBirney A R, Dengo G, 1964. Geologic reconnaissance of southeastern Guatemala. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 50: 1-62.

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
240,892
240,892
412,617
3,740,914

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Chiquimula Volcanic Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.