Cerro Cinotepeque

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.02°N
  • 89.25°W

  • 665 m
    2181 ft

  • 343051
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cerro Cinotepeque.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Cerro Cinotepeque.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Cerro Cinotepeque.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
343051

Unknown - Evidence Credible

665 m / 2181 ft

14.02°N
89.25°W

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Major
No Data (checked)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
9,831
60,668
743,867
6,953,850

Geological Summary

Cerro Cinotepeque is the largest and most prominent of a group of four pyroclastic cones of Holocene age mapped by Weber and Weismann (1978) in low-lying areas on either side of the Río Lempa, about 40 km N of San Salvador. Cinotepeque (also spelled Cinotepec) lies south of the river; two other cones, Cerro Santiago and Cerro Mosquito, lie immediately north of the river. A fourth cone is located along the Río Gualchayo about 10 km farther north. A large group of small Pleistocene stratovolcanoes and pyroclastic cones constructed along NW-SE-trending faults is located west and south of Cinotepeque and west of Guazapa volcano.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Weber H S, Wiesemann G, 1978. Mapa Geologico de la Republica de El Salvador/America Central. Bundesanstalt fur Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover, Germany, 1:100,000 scale geologic map in 6 sheets.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Cerro Cinotepeque. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Cerro Cinotepeque page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Cinotepec, Cerro

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Barranco Negro, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 14° 8' 0" N 89° 16' 36" W
Cinotepeque, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 665 m 14° 0' 18" N 89° 14' 46" W
Mesas, Cerro las Pyroclastic cone 13° 51' 0" N 89° 15' 0" W
Mosquito, Cerro el Pyroclastic cone 14° 3' 18" N 89° 17' 24" W
Ojo de Agua, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 645 m 13° 52' 0" N 89° 14' 0" W
Pavas, Las Pyroclastic cone 14° 9' 0" N 89° 17' 0" W
Picudo, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 580 m 13° 15' 0" N 89° 13' 0" W
Santa Rita, Cerro Pyroclastic cone
Santiago, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 14° 3' 6" N 89° 16' 28" W
Tecuán, Cerro Stratovolcano 615 m 14° 1' 0" N 89° 16' 0" W
Tunas, Cerro las Pyroclastic cone 618 m 13° 16' 0" N 89° 13' 0" W
Tutultepeque, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 580 m 13° 14' 30" N 89° 14' 0" W

Photo Gallery


Cerro El Chino, also known as La Hedionda, is seen here from the east, just south of the town of Aguilares. This pyroclastic cone of Pleistocene age is part of the Cerro Cinotepeque volcanic field, a large group of small Pleistocene-to-Holocene stratovolcanoes and pyroclastic cones constructed along NW-SE-trending faults on either side of the Río Lempa west of Guazapa volcano. The Holocene cone of Cerro Cinotepeque lies about 6 km NW of Cerro El Chino.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Flat-topped Cerro las Tunas is seen here from the NE, just south of the town of Aguilares. Las Tunas is a Pleistocene stratovolcano that is part of the Cerro Cinotepeque volcanic field, an area of small stratovolcanoes and pyroclastic cones of Pleistocene-to-Holocene age on either side of the Río Lempa west of Guazapa volcano.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Cerro Rodondo (also known as Tutultepeque) on the left and Picudo on the right are seen from the east across fields between the towns of Guazapa and Aguilares. These Pleistocene cones are part of the Pleistocene-to-Holocene Cerro Cinotepec volcanic field.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Cerro Cinotepeque Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.