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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.17°N
  • 86.4°W

  • 899 m
    2949 ft

  • 344131
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Esteli.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Esteli.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Esteli.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Uncertain

899 m / 2949 ft


Volcano Types

Fissure vent(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Fresh-looking, sparsely vegetated lava flows mostly erupted from fissure vents are located in valleys in the northern interior highlands between the town of Estelí and the border with Honduras. McBirney and Williams (1965) considered basaltic flows in this area to be certainly of Quaternary, and possibly of Holocene age. The lava flows near Estelí were faulted and slightly tilted during formation of the Estelí structural basin. Other youthful basaltic lava flows, one of which was erupted from the Bonete de Carrao cone, are located between Estelí and Jinotega. Well-preserved cones are also located in the area west and south of Ocotal. Some of the youthful lava flows in northern Nicaragua contain granitic xenoliths and xenocrysts of quartz.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Incer J, 1987. (pers. comm.).

McBirney A R, Williams H, 1965. Volcanic history of Nicaragua. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 55: 1-65.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Esteli. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Esteli page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bonete de Carrao Cone
San Rafael, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 13° 5' 0" N 86° 23' 0" W
Vesubio, Cerro de Pyroclastic cone 13° 8' 0" N 86° 25' 0" W
Volcán, Cerro el Pyroclastic cone 13° 10' 0" N 86° 26' 0" W

Photo Gallery

The area NW of the town of Estelí (bottom-center) and east of the prominent fault-bound valley at the left contains sparsely vegetated lava flows of the Estelí volcanic field. The flows were mostly erupted from fissure vents located in valleys in the northern interior highlands of Nicaragua between the town of Estelí and the border with Honduras.

NASA Landsat7 image (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Esteli in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Esteli Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.