- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Orosí.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Orosí.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Orosí.
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Cacao||Stratovolcano||1659 m||10° 57' 7" N||85° 27' 4" W|
|Orosilito, Volcán||Stratovolcano||1200 m|
The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Orosí. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Orosí page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
There is no Deformation History data available for Orosí.
There is no Emissions History data available for Orosí.
|The highest peak of the Orosí volcanic complex is Volcán Cacao, which is seen in this view from the SW. The summit of Cacao, 5.5 km SE of Orosí, was breached to the SW as a result of edifice collapse. Orosí is one of a cluster of four eroded and vegetated cones in the Guanacaste Range at the NW corner of Costa Rica. Volcán Orosí itself has a conical shape as viewed from the north or west, but its flanks are heavily eroded. The age of the latest activity of the Orosí complex is not known.
Photo by Cindy Stine, 1989 (U.S. Geological Survey).
|The SW side of Volcán Cacao, located at the SE end of the Orosí volcanic massif, is cut by an arcuate depression created during a massive slope failure in which the summit of the volcano was removed. The vertical light-colored stripes on the upper edifice are rockslide scars. The latest eruptive activity at the Orosí complex consisted of post-collapse lava domes and flows from Cerro Cacao.
Photo by Cindy Stine, 1989 (U.S. Geological Survey).
|The Orosí volcanic complex is seen here from the north, with the summit of Orosí in the clouds at the right and Volcán Cacao, the highest peak of the complex, at the left. Orosí is one of a cluster of four eroded and vegetated cones in the eastern part of Guanacaste National Park at the NW corner of Costa Rica. Volcán Orosí itself has a conical shape as viewed from the north or west, but its flanks are heavily eroded. Reported eruptions of Orosí in 1844 and 1849 may actually have been from Rincón de la Vieja volcano.
Photo by William Melson (Smithsonian Institution).
|The low hill in the background is part of a massive debris-avalanche deposit formed by collapse of Volcán Cacao (also called Cerro Cacao). The avalanche swept onto the flat-lying Pacific coastal plain as far as the Central American highway, near where this photo was taken.
Photo by Lee Siebert, 1998 (Smithsonian Institution).
The following 16 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.
|Catalog Number||Sample Description||Lava Source||Collection Date|
|NMNH 116066-15||Ignimbrite||--||3 Feb 1985|
|NMNH 116066-16||Volcanic Rock||--||--|
|NMNH 116066-22||Fe-Mn oxides Concretion||--||--|
|NMNH 116066-25||Volcanic Rock||--||--|
|NMNH 116066-29||Fe-Mn oxides Concretion||--||--|
|NMNH 116066-3||Ignimbrite||--||3 Feb 1985|
|NMNH 116066-32||Quartz and other crystals||--||--|
|NMNH 116066-349||Augite-Hypersthene Andesite||--||19 Apr 1985|
|NMNH 116066-5||Tuff||--||3 Feb 1985|
|DECADE Data||The DECADE portal, still in the developmental stage, serves as an example of the proposed interoperability between The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program, the MAGA Database, and the EarthChem Geochemical Portal. The Deep Earth Carbon Degassing (DECADE) initiative seeks to use new and established technologies to determine accurate global fluxes of volcanic CO2 to the atmosphere, but installing CO2 monitoring networks on 20 of the world's 150 most actively degassing volcanoes. The group uses related laboratory-based studies (direct gas sampling and analysis, melt inclusions) to provide new data for direct degassing of deep earth carbon to the atmosphere.|
Single Volcano View
Temporal Evolution of Unrest
Side by Side Volcanoes
|WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|Large Eruptions of Orosí||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|
|MODVOLC Thermal Alerts||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|