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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 5.203°N
  • 75.363°W

  • 3769 m
    12362 ft

  • 351011
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Romeral.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Romeral.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Romeral.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



5390 BCE

3769 m / 12362 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Recent work has documented the northernmost Holocene volcano in South America. The andesitic-to-dacitic Romeral stratovolcano lies at the northern end of the Ruiz-Tolima volcanic chain, NW of Cerro Bravo volcano, and east of the towns of Neira and Aranzazu. It has produced two young plinian pumice deposits that blanket areas to the NW. The pumice deposits are separated by a soil layer radiocarbon dated at about 8460 and 7340 years ago.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Pinilla A, 2006. (pers. comm.).

Pinilla A, Rios P A, Borrero C A, 2006. Romeral volcano: a new source of pyroclastic fall deposits at the Ruiz-Tolima volcanic complex, central Colombia. Cities on Volcanoes 4, Quito, Ecuador, 23-27 Jan, 2006, Abs, p 26.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
5390 BCE ± 350 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6510 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Romeral.

Photo Gallery

Romeral, a recently documented Holocene volcano, forms the dark-green forested area near the clouds above the center of this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top). The andesitic-to-dacitic Romeral stratovolcano produced two plinian pumice eruptions that blanket areas NW of the volcano. Romeral volcano lies at the northern end of the Ruiz-Tolima volcanic chain, NW of Cerro Bravo volcano, which lies east of the city of Manizales, which forms the gray area at the lower left.

NASA Landsat7 image (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Romeral in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Romeral Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.