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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 5.203°N
  • 75.363°W

  • 3769 m
    12362 ft

  • 351011
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Romeral.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Romeral.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Romeral.

Volcano Types


Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Recent work has documented the northernmost Holocene volcano in South America. The andesitic-to-dacitic Romeral stratovolcano lies at the northern end of the Ruiz-Tolima volcanic chain, NW of Cerro Bravo volcano, and east of the towns of Neira and Aranzazu. It has produced two young plinian pumice deposits that blanket areas to the NW. The pumice deposits are separated by a soil layer radiocarbon dated at about 8460 and 7340 years ago.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
5390 BCE ± 350 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6510 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Romeral.

Photo Gallery

Romeral, a recently documented Holocene volcano, forms the dark-green forested area near the clouds above the center of this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top). The andesitic-to-dacitic Romeral stratovolcano produced two plinian pumice eruptions that blanket areas NW of the volcano. Romeral volcano lies at the northern end of the Ruiz-Tolima volcanic chain, NW of Cerro Bravo volcano, which lies east of the city of Manizales, which forms the gray area at the lower left.

NASA Landsat7 image (


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Pinilla A, 2006. . (pers. comm.).

Pinilla A, Rios P A, Borrero C A, 2006. Romeral volcano: a new source of pyroclastic fall deposits at the Ruiz-Tolima volcanic complex, central Colombia. Cities on Volcanoes 4, Quito, Ecuador, 23-27 Jan, 2006, Abs, p 26.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Romeral Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.