Cerro Bravo

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 5.092°N
  • 75.3°W

  • 4000 m
    13120 ft

  • 351012
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cerro Bravo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Cerro Bravo.

Index of Monthly Reports

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

06/2013 (BGVN 38:06) In repose; 1st report disclosing background conditions and hazards

Contents of Monthly Reports

All information contained in these reports is preliminary and subject to change.

All times are local (= UTC - 5 hours)

06/2013 (BGVN 38:06) In repose; 1st report disclosing background conditions and hazards

An HTML version of this report is not available, please read this report as a PDF file.

Cerro Bravo is a relatively low dominantly dacitic lava-dome complex north of Nevado del Ruiz volcano that was constructed within the Pleistocene Quebrada Seca caldera. A series of moderate plinian eruptions during the Holocene has been accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lava dome growth. Although historical records of the roughly 4000-m-high Cerro Bravo eruptions have not been found, stratigraphic evidence indicates that the volcano last erupted sometime between the 1595 and 1845 eruptions of Ruiz volcano.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1720 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Tephrochronology CB1 tephra
1330 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) CB2 tephra
1050 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) CB3 tephra
0750 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) CB4 tephra
0730 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) CB5 tephra
1050 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Tephrochronology CB6 tephra
1310 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) CB7 tephra
4280 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) CB9 tephra

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Quebrada Seca Caldera
Cerro Bravo is seen from Delgaditas on its east side. The summit dome with a prominent spine was extruded during the most recent eruption. An older lava dome and cone complex is situated to its left. Multiple collapse events sent block-and-ash flows down over viscous lava flows (center) and onto the Plan de Arriba (lower left). The low, tree-covered slope 1/4 of the way from the left side of the photo is the remnant of the pre-Cerro Bravo volcano that was destroyed by a Pleistocene caldera-forming event.

Photo by David Lescinsky, 1988 (University of Western Ontario).
Cerro Bravo volcano, Colombia, is seen to the north from the northern flank of Nevado del Ruiz. The CB1 summit dome rises above an older dome and cone complex, probably produced during the CB7-CB5 phase of activity. Below this, the remains of the pre-Cerro Bravo volcano are truncated by the Pleistocene Quebrada Seca Caldera. Most of the Pleistocene lava flows in the foreground are associated with Nevado del Ruiz.

Photo by David Lescinsky, 1988 (University of Western Ontario).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Cuellar-Rodriguez J V, Ramirez-Lopez C, 1987. Descripcion de los volcanes Colombianos. Rev CIAF, Bogota, p 189-222.

Herd D G, 1982. Glacial and volcanic geology of the Ruiz - Tolima volcanic complex Cordillera Central, Colombia. Pub Geol Especiales INGEOMINAS, Bogata, 8: 1-48.

Lescinsky D T, 1990. Geology, volcanology, and petrology of Cerro Bravo, a young, dacitic stratovolcano in west-central Colombia. Unpublished MSci thesis, Lousiana State Univ, 244 p.

Mendez Fajury R A, 1989. Catalogo de los volcanes activos en Colombia. Bol Geol INGEOMINAS, Colombia, 30: 1-75.

Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Cerro Bravo Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.