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  • Ecuador
  • South America
  • Pyroclastic cone(s)
  • Unknown - Evidence Uncertain
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 1.78°S
  • 78.613°W

  • 3336 m
    10942 ft

  • 352081
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Licto.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Licto.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Licto.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Uncertain

3336 m / 10942 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Licto group of scoria cones lies along the Río Chambo about 25 km SE of the city of Riobamba and just north of the town of Licto. These three basaltic-andesite to andesitic cones form the southernmost area of Quaternary volcanism in the Interandean valley of Ecuador. The basaltic-andesite Cerro Tulabug at 3336 m is the highest of the cones and rises 3 km NW of the town of Licto. Loma Bellavista, 2 km NE of the town, is a 3113-m-high andesitic scoria cone. A third cone, Licto, is of basaltic-andesite composition. The Licto group was considered to be of late-Pleistocene or Holocene age (Hall, 1987, pers. comm; Eissen, 2006, pers. comm.) based on the relatively youthful morphology of the cones.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Eissen J-P, 2006. (pers. comm.).

Hall M L, 1987. (pers. comm.).

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Licto. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Licto page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bellavista, Loma Pyroclastic cone 3113 m 1° 47' 17" S 78° 35' 46" W
Tulabug, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 3336 m 1° 46' 49" S 78° 36' 48" W

Photo Gallery

Cerro Tulabug (right-center), part of the Licto group of basaltic-andesite to andesitic scoria cones, is seen here from the SW. The cones lie along the Río Chambo about 25 km SE of the city of Riobamba and just north of the town of Licto and form the southernmost area of Quaternary volcanism in the Interandean valley of Ecuador. The cloud-draped conical volcano in the left-center background is Reventador, and the Cordillera Real forms the right horizon.

Photo by Patricio Ramon, 1998 (Instituto Geofisca, Escuela Politecnica Nacional).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Licto in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Licto Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.