Huambo

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 15.83°S
  • 72.13°W

  • 4550 m
    14924 ft

  • 354005
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Huambo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Huambo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Huambo.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
354005

700 BCE

4550 m / 14924 ft

15.83°S
72.13°W

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Major
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Minor
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
301
1,157
7,271
1,028,814

Geological Summary

The monogenetic Huambo volcanic field lies SSE of the Andahua-Orcocampo volcanic field, west of Sabancaya volcano. The Huambo volcanic field is divided into two segments. The southern area contains several cinder cones and associated lava flows, some of which are inferred to be of early to late-Holocene age on the basis of morphological criteria. The northern part contains a single vent, the Cerro Keyocc cinder cone, which produced an extensive lava field that blanketed a plateau to the west during an eruption radiocarbon dated at about 2650 years ago.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Delacor A, Gerbe M-C, Thouret J-C, Worner G, Paquereau-Lebti P, 2007. Magma evolution of Quaternary minor volcanic centres in southern Peru, Central Andes. Bull Volc, 69: 581-608.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0700 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cerro Keyocc

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Keyocc, Cerro Pyroclastic cone
Marbas Pyroclastic cone
Marbas Chico Pyroclastic cone
Marbas Grande, Cerro Pyroclastic cone

Photo Gallery


The dark-brown area just north of the elongated black lake at the center of this NASA Landsat image is a lava flow from the northern segment of the Huambo volcanic field. The flows were erupted from the Cerro Keyocc cinder cone about 2650 years ago. The southern part of the volcanic field, the dark-brown area at the SW part of this image, contains several cinder cones and associated lava flows, some of which are inferred to be of early to late-Holocene age. The large glacier-covered massif to the east is the Sabancaya volcanic complex.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Huambo Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.