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  • Peru
  • Peru
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1600 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 16.608°S
  • 70.85°W

  • 4850 m
    15908 ft

  • 354030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Huaynaputina.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Huaynaputina.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1600 Feb 17 ± 1 days 1600 Mar 6 (?) Confirmed 6 Historical Observations Summit and south flank
7750 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Adams N K, de Silva S L, Self S, Salas G, Schubring S, Permenter J L, Arbesman K, 2001. The physical volcanology of the 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, southern Peru. Bull Volc, 62: 493-518.

Bullard F M, 1962. Volcanoes of Southern Peru. Bull Volc, 24: 443-453.

de Silva S L, Alzueta J, Salas G, 2000. The socioeconomic consequences of the A.D. 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, southern Peru. In: McCoy F W, Heiken G (eds), {Volcanic Hazards and Disasters in Human Antiquity}, Geol Soc Am Spec Pap, 345: 15-24.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1990. Potentially active volcanoes of Peru - observations using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Space Shuttle imagery. Bull Volc, 52: 286-301.

de Silva S L, Zielinski G A, 1998. Global influence of the AD 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, Peru. Nature, 393: 455-458.

Dietterich H, de Silva S, 2010. Sulfur yield of the 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, Peru: Contributions from magmatic, fluid-phase, and hydrothermal sulfur . J Volc Geotherm Res, 197: 303-312.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1990. Huaynaputina volcano: the biggest historical dacitic eruption in the central Andes of South America, on February 19, 1600. IAVCEI 1990 Internatl Volc Cong, Mainz, Abs, (unpaginated).

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Hantke G, Parodi I, 1966. Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 19: 1-73.

Lavallee Y, de Silva S L, Salas G, Byrnes J M, 2006. Explosive volcanism (VEI 6) without caldera formation: insight from Huaynaputina volcano, southern Peru. Bull Volc, 68: 333-348.

Lavallee Y, de Silva S L, Salas G, Byrnes J M, 2009. Structural control on volcanism at the Ubinas, Huaynaputina, and Ticscani Volcanic Group (UHTVG), southern Peru. J Volc Geotherm Res, 186: 253-264.

Thouret J-C, Davila J, Eissen J-P, 1999. Largest explosive eruption in historical time in the Andes at Huaynaputina volcano, A.D. 1600, southern Peru. Geology, 27: 435-438.

Thouret J-C, Juvigne E, Gourgaud A, Boivin P, Davila J, 2002. Reconstruction of the AD 1600 Huaynaputina eruption based on the correlation of geologic evidence with early Spanish chronicles. J Volc Geotherm Res, 115: 529-570.

Huaynaputina (whose name means "new volcano") is a relatively inconspicuous volcano that was the source of the largest historical eruption of South America in 1600 CE. The volcano has no prominent topographic expression and lies within a 2.5-km-wide depression formed by edifice collapse and further excavated by glaciers within an older edifice of Tertiary-to-Pleistocene age. Three overlapping ash cones with craters up to 100 m deep were constructed during the 1600 CE eruption on the floor of the ancestral crater, whose outer flanks are heavily mantled by ash deposits from the 1600 eruption. This powerful fissure-fed eruption may have produced nearly 30 cu km of dacitic tephra, including pyroclastic flows and surges that traveled 13 km to the east and SE. Lahars reached the Pacific Ocean, 120 km away. The eruption caused substantial damage to the major cities of Arequipa and Moquengua, and regional economies took 150 years to fully recover.