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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tutupaca.
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Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1902 Jun ]||[ 1902 Nov ]||Uncertain||2||Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca|
|[ 1862 Apr ]||[ 1862 May ]||Uncertain||2||Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca|
|1802 Mar 20||1802 Aug 20 ± 10 days||Confirmed||4||Historical Observations|
|[ 1780 ]||[ 1780 ]||Uncertain||2||Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Eastern Tutupaca||Stratovolcano||5753 m||17° 1' 58" S||70° 21' 28" W|
|Western Tutupaca||Stratovolcano||5801 m||17° 1' 32" S||70° 22' 18" W|
|The snow-capped Tutupaca massif (center) consists of two dissected volcanic edifices, of which the southern appears more youthful. Collapse of the northern edifice produced a debris avalanche that traveled 7 km to the NE, forming the speckled area above and to the right of the summit massif. The canyon of the Río Tacalaya lies west (left) of the volcano. A sulfur mine is located on the SE flank of the massif and is accessible from the N-S-trending road west of the volcano. Laguna Huaitire is visible at the top left-center.
NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Bullard F M, 1962. Volcanoes of Southern Peru. Bull Volc, 24: 443-453.
de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1990. Potentially active volcanoes of Peru - observations using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Space Shuttle imagery. Bull Volc, 52: 286-301.
de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.
Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.
Hantke G, Parodi I, 1966. Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 19: 1-73.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Samaniego P, 2015. Email with additional thoughts about Tutupaca and Yucamane eruptions.. pers comm.
Samaniego P, Valderrama P, Mariño J, van Wyk de Vries B, Roche O, Manrique N, Chédeville C, Liorzou C, Fidel L, Malnati J, 2015. The historical (218±14 aBP) explosive eruption of Tutupaca volcano (Southern Peru). Bull Volc 77:51.
|Large Eruptions of Tutupaca||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|WOVOdat||WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|
|Smithsonian Collections||Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.|