Tutupaca

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 17.026°S
  • 70.372°W

  • 5801 m
    19027 ft

  • 354040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tutupaca.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tutupaca.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tutupaca.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Rhyolite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
18
1,125
21,124
213,931

Geological Summary

Tutupaca consists of two dissected volcanic edifices, of which the southern appears more youthful. Collapse of the northern edifice produced a debris avalanche that traveled 7 km N. Postglacial lava flows are present, the largest of which originated from the saddle between the two edifices. Solfataric activity was noted in the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World. Based on morphological evidence, de Silva and Francis (1990) suggested that reported historical eruptions in the 18th and 19th centuries (listed in the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World) more likely originated from the more youthful-looking Yucamane volcano. Work by Samaniego et al. (2015) showed that activity in 1787-89 and 1802 CE originated at Tutupaca, and they considered the 1780, 1862, and 1902 reports to be valid as well.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1902 Jun ] [ 1902 Nov ] Uncertain 2   Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca
[ 1862 Apr ] [ 1862 May ] Uncertain 2   Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca
1802 Mar 20 1802 Aug 20 ± 10 days Confirmed 4 Historical Observations
1787 1789 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1780 ] [ 1780 ] Uncertain 2   Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Eastern Tutupaca Stratovolcano 5753 m 17° 1' 58" S 70° 21' 28" W
Western Tutupaca Stratovolcano 5801 m 17° 1' 32" S 70° 22' 18" W

Photo Gallery


The snow-capped Tutupaca massif (center) consists of two dissected volcanic edifices, of which the southern appears more youthful. Collapse of the northern edifice produced a debris avalanche that traveled 7 km to the NE, forming the speckled area above and to the right of the summit massif. The canyon of the Río Tacalaya lies west (left) of the volcano. A sulfur mine is located on the SE flank of the massif and is accessible from the N-S-trending road west of the volcano. Laguna Huaitire is visible at the top left-center.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

References


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Bullard F M, 1962. Volcanoes of Southern Peru. Bull Volc, 24: 443-453.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1990. Potentially active volcanoes of Peru - observations using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Space Shuttle imagery. Bull Volc, 52: 286-301.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Hantke G, Parodi I, 1966. Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 19: 1-73.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Samaniego P, 2015. Email with additional thoughts about Tutupaca and Yucamane eruptions.. pers comm.

Samaniego P, Valderrama P, Mariño J, van Wyk de Vries B, Roche O, Manrique N, Chédeville C, Liorzou C, Fidel L, Malnati J, 2015. The historical (218±14 aBP) explosive eruption of Tutupaca volcano (Southern Peru). Bull Volc 77:51.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Tutupaca Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.