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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 17.026°S
  • 70.372°W

  • 5801 m
    19027 ft

  • 354040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tutupaca.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tutupaca.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tutupaca.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1802 CE

5801 m / 19027 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Tutupaca consists of two dissected volcanic edifices, of which the southern appears more youthful. Collapse of the northern edifice produced a debris avalanche that traveled 7 km N. Postglacial lava flows are present, the largest of which originated from the saddle between the two edifices. Solfataric activity was noted in the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World. Based on morphological evidence, de Silva and Francis (1990) suggested that reported historical eruptions in the 18th and 19th centuries (listed in the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World) more likely originated from the more youthful-looking Yucamane volcano. Work by Samaniego et al. (2015) showed that activity in 1787-89 and 1802 CE originated at Tutupaca, and they considered the 1780, 1862, and 1902 reports to be valid as well.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Bullard F M, 1962. Volcanoes of Southern Peru. Bull Volc, 24: 443-453.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1990. Potentially active volcanoes of Peru - observations using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Space Shuttle imagery. Bull Volc, 52: 286-301.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Hantke G, Parodi I, 1966. Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 19: 1-73.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Samaniego P, 2015. Email with additional thoughts about Tutupaca and Yucamane eruptions.. pers comm.

Samaniego P, Valderrama P, Mariño J, van Wyk de Vries B, Roche O, Manrique N, Chédeville C, Liorzou C, Fidel L, Malnati J, 2015. The historical (218±14 aBP) explosive eruption of Tutupaca volcano (Southern Peru). Bull Volc 77:51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00445-015-0937-8

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1902 Jun ] [ 1902 Nov ] Uncertain 2   Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca
[ 1862 Apr ] [ 1862 May ] Uncertain 2   Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca
1802 Mar 20 1802 Aug 20 ± 10 days Confirmed 4 Historical Observations
1787 1789 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1780 ] [ 1780 ] Uncertain 2   Volcano Uncertain: reported from Tutupaca

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Eastern Tutupaca Stratovolcano 5753 m 17° 1' 58" S 70° 21' 28" W
Western Tutupaca Stratovolcano 5801 m 17° 1' 32" S 70° 22' 18" W

Photo Gallery

The snow-capped Tutupaca massif (center) consists of two dissected volcanic edifices, of which the southern appears more youthful. Collapse of the northern edifice produced a debris avalanche that traveled 7 km to the NE, forming the speckled area above and to the right of the summit massif. The canyon of the Río Tacalaya lies west (left) of the volcano. A sulfur mine is located on the SE flank of the massif and is accessible from the N-S-trending road west of the volcano. Laguna Huaitire is visible at the top left-center.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Tutupaca in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Tutupaca Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.