Yucamane

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 17.184°S
  • 70.196°W

  • 5495 m
    18024 ft

  • 354050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Yucamane.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Yucamane.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Yucamane.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
354050

1320 BCE

5495 m / 18024 ft

17.184°S
70.196°W

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
51
692
10,396
467,713

Geological Summary

Volcán Yucamane lies at the south end of a group of three volcanoes known as the Caliente-Yucamane Volcanic Complex; both it and Cerro Caliente to the north display evidence of postglacial lava flows, which overlie thick moraines. The andesitic Yucamane has a youthful, well-preserved summit crater. Late-Pleistocene and Holocene eruptions have produced airfall deposits, pyroclastic flows and surges, and block-and-ash flows produced by growth and collapse of lava domes. The most recent confirmed eruption, a subplinian event, took place about 3000-3300 radiocarbon years ago. Historical eruptions originally attributed to the more dissected Tutupaca during the 18th-20th centuries (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World) were considered by de Silva and Francis (1990) to have more likely been from Yucamane, but later authors (eg. Samaniego et al. 2015) assigned them to Tutupaca, including an eruption of uncertain character reported in 1787 (Volcanological Society of Japan, 1971). Ongoing fieldwork has not found deposits younger than the 3000 BP event (Samaniego, 2015).

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1990. Potentially active volcanoes of Peru - observations using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Space Shuttle imagery. Bull Volc, 52: 286-301.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Parodi-I A, 1975. Volcanes del Peru. Soc Geog Lima Bull, 94: 20-23.

Rivera M, Marino J, 2006. Volcanic hazards evaluation of Yucamane volcano, southern Peru. Cities on Volcanoes 4, Quito, Ecuador, 23-27 Jan, 2006, Abs, p 71.

Samaniego P, 2015. Email with additional thoughts about Tutupaca and Yucamane eruptions.. pers comm.

Samaniego P, Valderrama P, Mariño J, van Wyk de Vries B, Roche O, Manrique N, Chédeville C, Liorzou C, Fidel L, Malnati J, 2015. The historical (218±14 aBP) explosive eruption of Tutupaca volcano (Southern Peru). Bull Volc 77:51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00445-015-0937-8

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1320 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Yucamani

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Caliente, Cerro Stratovolcano 5368 m 17° 9' 41" S 70° 12' 37" W
Yucamane Chico Cone 5355 m 17° 8' 37" S 70° 12' 22" W
Yucamane, Volcan Stratovolcano 5495 m 17° 11' 1" S 70° 11' 46" W

Photo Gallery


Volcán Yucamane (center) lies at the south end of a group of three volcanoes between the Río Callazas (left-center) and Río de Calientes (right-center). Laguna de Vilacota (upper right) lies east of the volcano. Both Yucamane and Cerro Caliente, the edifice immediately to the north, display evidence of postglacial lava flows. The andesitic Yucamane volcano has a youthful, well-preserved summit crater, and the volcano may have had historical eruptions.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Yucamane Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.