Nevados Casiri

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  • Peru
  • South America
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 17.47°S
  • 69.813°W

  • 5650 m
    18532 ft

  • 354060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nevados Casiri.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nevados Casiri.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nevados Casiri.

Volcano Types

Lava dome

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Nevados Casiri complex, the southernmost Holocene volcano in Perú, lies near the Chilean border, about 25 km north of Tacora volcano. Nevados Casiri consists of four volcanic edifices, with the youngest cone on the SE side. This compound trachytic and trachyandesitic volcano reaches an elevation of 5650 m and is also known as Paugarani. Two fresh Holocene lava flows are located south of the youngest cone, which has a well-defined summit crater. An older lava dome is located to the west. Two sulfur mines have been opened on the NW and SE flanks.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Nevados Casiri. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Nevados Casiri page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Photo Gallery

The three roughly E-W-trending cones at the center of this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top) form the Nevados Casiri complex, the southernmost Holocene volcano in Perú. A fourth cone, the youngest of the complex, lies on the SE side and was the source of two fresh Holocene lava flows, which form the dark-colored lobes visible south of the massif. Two sulfur mines have been opened on the NW and SE flanks of Nevados Casiri.

NASA Landsat7 image (


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1990. Potentially active volcanoes of Peru - observations using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Space Shuttle imagery. Bull Volc, 52: 286-301.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Nevados Casiri Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.