Taapaca

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 18.1°S
  • 69.5°W

  • 5860 m
    19221 ft

  • 355011
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Taapaca.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Taapaca.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Taapaca.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0320 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1580 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1860 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
2400 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
2950 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
4620 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
5490 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
7900 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The snow-capped Taapaca (Nevados de Putre) volcanic complex rises to the north above rhyodacitic pyroclastic deposits in the Pampa del Muerto. Taapaca volcano rises NE of the town of Putre in northern Chile. Putre is built on top of debris-avalanche deposits from Taapaca, which consists of a dacitic lava-dome complex. The latest stage of activity during the Holocene produced the 5860-m-high summit lava dome complex (center horizon).

Photo by Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).
See title for photo information.
The Taapaca volcanic complex rises to the NE above the town of Putre, just out of view to the left. The elongated volcanic massif consists of an initial andesitic stratovolcano and a long-term dacitic lava-dome complex. The 5860-m-high dome complex on the right horizon is part of the Holocene Putre unit, formed during the latest eruptive stage. The left-hand dome is part of the late-Pleistocene Socapave unit. A pyroclastic apron from Taapaca, including a late-Pleistocene debris-avalanche deposit, forms the foreground.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2004 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The elongated Taapaca massif rises to the SE above the gentle slopes of block-and-ash flow deposits from the volcano. The steeply dipping lava flow on the left horizon caps hydrothermally altered rocks of a Pleistocene stratovolcano of the Taapaca II complex. The dome complex at the center is of part of the dacitic Pleistocene Taapaca III complex, and the light-colored dome at the right is part of the dacitic Pleistocene-to-Holocene Taapaca IV complex.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2004 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Taapaca in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites