Licancabur

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  • Chile-Bolivia
  • South America
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 22.83°S
  • 67.88°W

  • 5916 m
    19404 ft

  • 355092
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Licancabur.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Licancabur.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Licancabur.

The symmetrical Licancabur stratovolcano was constructed primarily during the Holocene and contains one of the world's highest lakes in its 400-m-wide summit crater. The Pleistocene Juriques volcano is located immediately to the SE and is capped by a 1.5-km-wide summit crater. Archaeological ruins were found on the 5916-m-high crater rim of the steep-sided Volcán Licancabur, which maintains constant 30 degree slopes. The shallow freshwater summit lake is 90 m by 70 m wide and has a measured temperature of 6 degrees C, supporting growth of planktonic fauna at nearly 6000 m altitude. Young blocky andesitic lava flows with prominent levees extend up to 6 km down the NW-to-SW flanks; older flows reach up to 15 km from the summit crater and are covered by pyroclastic-flow deposits that extend 12 km. The most recent activity from Licancabur produced flank lava flows.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Licancabur. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Licancabur page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Licancaur | Atacama, Volcan de


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Juriques, Volcán Stratovolcano 5704 m 22° 51' 0" S 67° 50' 0" W
The symmetrical Licancabur stratovolcano (left) rises above a basement of rhyodacitic ignimbrites and dacitic lava domes. A small 80-m-wide lake, one of the world's highest, occupies its 400-m-wide summit crater. Archaeological ruins were found on the 5916-m-high crater rim of Volcán Lincancabur. Young lava flows with prominent levees extend up to 6 km down the NW-to-SW flanks of the volcano.

Photo by Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).
Snow-capped Licancabur volcano rises to the east beyond a Pliocene rhyolitic pyroclastic-flow deposit in the foreground from the Chaxas lava dome. Block lava flows from Licancabur have traveled as far as 12 km from the summit crater.

Photo courtesy of Oscar González-Ferrán (University of Chile).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Fernandez-C A, Hormann P K, Kussmaul S, Meave J, Pichler H, Subieta T, 1973. First petrologic data on young volcanic rocks of SW-Bolivia. Tschermaks Min Petr Mitt, 19: 149-172.

Gardeweg M, Lindsay J, 2004. Lascar volcano and La Pacana caldera. IAVCEI Gen Assembly 2004 Pucon, Chile Field Trip Guide A2, 32 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
10
86
1,650
12,389

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Licancabur Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.