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  • Chile
  • South America
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Evidence Uncertain
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 23.97°S
  • 68.13°W

  • 3116 m
    10220 ft

  • 355105
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tilocalar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tilocalar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tilocalar.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Uncertain

3116 m / 10220 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Two small stratovolcanoes, the Volcánes de Tilocálar, lie about 3 km apart in the Callejón de Tilocálar area. The volcanoes overlie Pliocene ignimbrites and were considered to be of Pleistocene-Holocene age by González-Ferrán (1995). The larger volcano, Tilocálar Sur, lies about 3.5 km SW of the northern volcano, Tilocálar Norte. Four basaltic-andesite to andesitic lava flows originated from 3116-m-high Tilocálar Sur, and an explosion crater lies a kilometer to the south. The 3040-m-high Tilocálar Norte lies near the eastern wall of the Callejón de Tilocálar and produced lava flows that traveled primarily to the north.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Tilocalar. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Tilocalar page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Tilocálar Norte Stratovolcano 3040 m 23° 55' 42" S 68° 6' 18" W
Tilocálar Sur Stratovolcano 3116 m 23° 58' 36" S 68° 7' 30" W

Photo Gallery

Two small stratovolcanoes, the Volcánes de Tilocálar (left of center at the bottom of this Landsat image), lie about 3 km apart in the Callejón de Tilocálar area. The volcanoes overlie light-colored Pliocene ignimbrites. The larger volcano, 3116-m-high Tilocálar Sur, lies about 3.5 km SW of the northern volcano, Tilocálar Norte and produced four basaltic-andesite to andesitic lava flows. Tilocálar Norte produced elongated lava flows that traveled primarily to the north.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Tilocalar in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Tilocalar Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.