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Socompa

Photo of this volcano
  • Chile-Argentina
  • South America
  • Stratovolcano
  • 5250 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 24.396°S
  • 68.246°W

  • 6031 m
    19787 ft

  • 355109
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Socompa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Socompa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Socompa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Socompa.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
5250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Socompa.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Socompa.

Photo Gallery

Volcán Socompa is a massive, 6051-m-high dacitic stratovolcano noted for an eruption about 7200 years ago, similar to that at Mount St. Helens in 1980. The Socompa eruption produced a massive 600 sq km debris-avalanche deposit, much larger than at St. Helens, that extends about 40 km from the summit. This view from the north shows dark-colored post-collapse lava domes on the right side that have filled much of the head of the massive collapse scarp, which extends to the base of the volcano at the lower right.

Photo by Carlos Felipe Ramírez (courtesy of Oscar González-Ferrán, University of Chile).
See title for photo information.
This dramatic NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right) is of Socompa volcano. A large horseshoe-shaped caldera breached to the NW was the source of a major debris avalanche about 7000 years ago that extended beyond the upper left margin of the image. Young dacitic lava domes and flows partially fill the collapse amphitheater, and prominent lava flows with flow levees are visible on the outer flanks of the 6051-m-high volcano.

NASA Space Station image ISS003-E-5375, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: S America
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Navigation
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru
Title: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: S America
Year: 1981
Series: ONC
Map Type: Navigation
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Socompa in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites